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Last Updated: Saturday, 6 August 2005, 06:07 GMT 07:07 UK
Irishmen face extradition demand
James Monaghan (left), Martin McCauley and Niall Connolly
The three Irishmen each received 17 year sentences
Colombia is demanding the extradition of three men sentenced to 17 years in jail for training Marxist rebels, but who are now back in the Irish Republic.

Niall Connolly, Martin McCauley and James Monaghan went missing while on bail in December and have since secretly returned to their homeland.

Colombia's vice-president said Irish authorities had a "legal and moral obligation" to return the republicans.

Currently, the two countries do not have an extradition treaty.

'No deal'

Colombian Vice-President Francisco Santos said in a statement: "Irish Prime Minister Bertie Ahern must demonstrate his country's commitment to the global fight against terrorism."

The Colombian secret police are believed to be preparing an extradition warrant for the trio.

Unionists greeted the men's return to the Irish Republic with anger, but it was welcomed by Sinn Fein.

James Monaghan pictured back in Ireland

Irish state broadcaster RTE reported the trio had returned in recent days.

Jim Monaghan, interviewed by RTE at a secret location, denied that any deal had been done with the British or Irish governments following the IRA's statement last week in which it said it was ending its campaign of violence.

He said he did not consider himself to be "on the run" and would not be hiding from Irish police.

Monaghan would not say how the three men got back to the Republic of Ireland, but that they had got "a lot of help from a lot of people" and that he would not endanger them.

He said he hoped the Irish government would not place any obstacles in the way of the three men staying in the country, adding it would be "very remiss to send anyone back to Colombia".

We hope that the international police system will hand them over to Colombia
Francisco Santos
Colombian Vice President

He said the men would be seeking legal advice about the possibility of extradition back to Colombia.

Intelligence sources believe the three Irishmen left via Venezuela before going to Cuba, where Niall Connolly had been Sinn Fein's representative, BBC correspondent Jeremy McDermott reported from Colombia.

Mr Santos said: "They have a judicial sentence over their heads and we sincerely hope that they pay jail for it.

"We hope that the international police system will hand them over to Colombia, even though that's difficult because there's no extradition treaty between Ireland and Colombia."

'Serious issues'

Irish deputy prime minister Mary Harney said there were "very serious issues to be addressed, seeing as they were travelling on false passports".

"This issue was not part of the government's discussions with Sinn Fein and we had no prior knowledge of their return to Ireland," said an Irish government spokesman.

And a Northern Ireland Office spokesman said: "We have only just become aware of the presence of these men in the Republic of Ireland.

"That is a matter for the Irish authorities. If they enter the UK, an extradition request will be dealt with without delay."

The men, who had been accused of being IRA members, were arrested in Bogota in August 2001.

They were found guilty of travelling on false passports, in June 2004, but were acquitted of training Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (Farc) guerrillas.

That decision was reversed after an appeal by the Colombian attorney general and they were sentenced to 17-year terms.

Farc rebels train in southern Colombia (file)
Farc has waged a 40-year insurgency in Colombia

A judge had ordered the men to remain in the country pending the outcome of the appeal.

An international arrest warrant was issued for them after they disappeared.

McCauley, 41, is from Lurgan in County Armagh, Monaghan, 58, is from County Donegal and Connolly, 38, is from Dublin.

Their arrest led to speculation that Irish republicans had formed links with Farc.

The main charge against them was that they had been teaching the rebels urban terrorism techniques.

The Irishmen strenuously denied this, saying they were in the area to monitor the fledgling peace process as well as being eco-tourists.


BBC NEWS: VIDEO AND AUDIO
See the reaction to the men's escape in Colombia




SEE ALSO:
Colombia 3 'are back in Ireland'
05 Aug 05 |  Northern Ireland
Colombian troops killed in ambush
07 Apr 05 |  Americas
New attack kills Colombia troops
03 Feb 05 |  Americas
Marines killed in 'Farc' attack
01 Feb 05 |  Americas
Colombian sentences 'a travesty'
20 Dec 04 |  Northern Ireland
Hunt on for convicted Irishmen
17 Dec 04 |  Northern Ireland
Q&A: The Colombia connection
16 Dec 04 |  Northern Ireland


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