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Page last updated at 12:44 GMT, Monday, 22 September 2008 13:44 UK

How do you spot a fake pound coin?

Graphic showing differences between real and fake pound coins - the pattern on the fake is not upright when the coin is rotated, and the lettering on the edge - including the distinctive cross - is unclear on the fake version

WHO, WHAT, WHY?
The Magazine answers...

The number of fake 1 coins in circulation now stands at more than 30 million, according to the Royal Mint. How do you know if you've been given one?

That 1 coin in your pocket could be worthless.

The number of fake pound coins in circulation has doubled in the past five years and one in every 50 is now counterfeit.

THE ANSWER
Indistinct lettering or wrong typeface on edge
Queen's head and pattern on reverse should both be upright when coin is turned over
Design on reverse should correspond with official design for year of its issue

It's illegal to make or use counterfeited coins and the Royal Mint says people must hand them in if they think they have one. But how can you tell?

It all depends on the quality of the counterfeit, but key signs include a poorly defined ribbed edge, the wrong typeface and an indistinct design or bust of the Queen. A fake can also be slightly different in colour.

"Current fakes are what we call 'soapy' in the coin business," says Garry Day, who works for a leading coin dealer, AH Baldwin.

"This means the marking and detail on them, like the queen's head, are blurred and not very distinct."

Poor workmanship

Another way to identify a fake is to check the alignment of the coin. Hold it so the Queen's head is upright and facing you - when you turn the coin over, the pattern on the reverse should also be upright. Fakes can often be at an angle.

The Royal Mint's online design portfolio can also be used to easily identify what's genuine and what's not. Since they were introduced in 1983, the design on the reverse of the coins has changed every year.

WHO, WHAT, WHY?
QM
A regular feature in the BBC News Magazine - aiming to answer some of the questions behind the headlines
Often the year and the design do not correspond on a fake. Also, the Latin motto on the edge of the coin should correspond to the right year.

A simple test at any automated vending machine can also identify a suspect coin. A lot of counterfeit coins are rejected, often leaving you grappling to find another coin in your purse or pocket.

But ultimately, how easy it is to identify a fake comes down to its quality. The good news is the fakes are getting worse, according to some experts.

"Quality is definitely dropping and fakes are now quite obvious, even to the untrained eye," says Mr Day, who has been studying the problem.

"The workmanship isn't what it used to be and most are pretty easy to spot. People just need to know what they are looking for."

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How to spot a fake pound coin




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