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Last Updated: Tuesday, 22 June, 2004, 09:27 GMT 10:27 UK
Matches made in heaven
By Stephen Tomkins

We're increasingly deserting the church in favour of the pitch. Players are gods, the stands are the pews, football is the new religion, and here's why.

Beckham tattoo
It was the national anthem that did it for me.

The sight, before the latest English match, of crowds of fans, hands raised to the skies, some of them with eyes closed, singing their hearts out (and, as it happens, imploring God's salvation, though the words were probably irrelevant), it looked for all the world like worship in a Pentecostal superchurch.

Admittedly, Christians tend to wear their crosses round their necks rather than on their faces, but otherwise it might easily have been a charismatic praise meeting where an unusual proportion just happened to be in red and white.

It was then I realised - football is a religion. It doesn't just look like worship, it has taken over almost all the patterns of British life and behaviour that used to belong to Christianity.

Hymns to sing

Football provides the ritual of a weekend gathering for those who are truly committed. Those who are less devout can stay at home and watch Match of the Day, soccer's Songs of Praise.

Zinedine Zidane
Hero, villain - or high priest?

Football offers its adherents the annual calendar of fast and feast to shape their lives like the church year used to.

September is football's Christmas, a joyful celebration of new birth after a season of expectant waiting that seems to begin earlier every year.

The close of the season brings Easter's mix of grief and - if you're lucky - triumph, followed by the long Lenten period of summer. (Though as Euro 2004 reminds us, no one seems to fast very much these days.)

The great festivals of soccer, like the FA Cup and European Championships, allow Christmas-and-Easter believers to get all the football we need for another year.

Football has inherited all the tribalism of religion, giving followers something to belong to, bringing nations and communities together, and uniting them against the enemy - whether in physical violence or just chant.

'Gods' to worship

Of course, churches tend to be rather friendlier to each other than rival soccer fans these days; but if you go to the right kind of church - the ones where worshippers act like England fans singing the national anthem - you can often hear songs that amount to telling the Devil "You're going home in a - ambulance".

Football has liturgy ("They think it's all over..."), mysterious language (4-4-2, set pieces, sitting midfielders), songs of praise ("There's only one David Beckham") - and the terraces have even commandeered the church's tunes.

There are holy mysteries for the initiated (the offside rule), and special clothes to set the professionals apart from the laity. The difference is that few Christians go to church wearing the vestments of their favourite priest.

Few Christians go to church wearing the vestments of their favourite priest

Football has its own mythology too, those stories that believers tell to explain their identity and history. Christians have the garden of Eden and the first Easter, England fans have Wembley 1966.

You might assume one does not need any particular beliefs to be a football fan, but really it's all a matter of faith. Stadiums attract just as much superstition as churches, from pre-match rituals to lucky scarves.

(Red) Devils to fear

Strikers are told they have to believe they will score. And supporters of every team with the right number of syllables recite together the creed: "And it's [football te-am], [football te-am] FC,/We're by far the greatest team the world has ever seen".

Every church is the one true church.

Football even has its sacraments. There's the ceremonial bathing where defeated teams and disgraced players can wash away the stain of their fall - perhaps after televised confession and repentance.

And when God's representative on earth raises up the cup for the adoration of the masses, is he the priest at Holy Communion, or the captain at the cup final?

England fans
The sign of the cross

There are sports specialist schools these days where, as in church schools, children can study in an environment that nurtures the values, principles and knowledge of football.

But still the most common way of getting the religion of the pitch must be growing up in families where a love of the beautiful game is passed on from parents to children. The family that plays together stays together.

And "parents to children" it is, these days, rather than "father to son". Both patriarchal institutions have opened their turnstiles to women to an unprecedented degree in the past couple of decades.

The only question is which will be first, a woman bishop, or a woman commentator on Match of the Day?

At his induction as player manager of the Church of England in 1991, George Carey quoted a saying of the great guru Bill Shankly, "Some people think football's a matter of life and death. I can assure them it is much more serious than that".

He then went on to claim that Christianity was a bit like that too. The moral of the story? Christianity is almost as much a religion as football.


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