Wiltshire could have a single council as the County Council has decided to apply to the government for permission to become a unitary authority.
The proposed reorganisation would lead to the replacement of the county council and the four district councils by a single council.
According to accountancy experts Price Waterhouse Cooper, the move would save council tax payers £15m a year.
This would mean there would be less pressure to increase council tax.
The government wants councils to make savings of up to three per cent each year.
At present, Wiltshire County Council is responsible for areas such as education, social services, highways and libraries.
The four district councils (Kennet, West Wiltshire, North Wiltshire and Salisbury) are broadly responsible for areas such as leisure, street cleaning, planning and refuse collection.
The move would see residents go to one council when they are accessing a service as well as a reduction in the number of councillors.
The county council must now submit proposals to the government by 25 January.
If they are given the go-ahead, the new council would be created by November 2008.