Half a million "poop scoop" bags are being made available to dog owners in the Kennet district of Wiltshire.
The council is encouraging owners to make use of the free bags to clear up their pet's mess.
People are being warned they risk prosecution and a fine of up to £1,000 if they are caught flouting the law.
The authority says dog fouling is not only dirty and unsightly, but it is also a health risk, particularly for children.
The bags can be collected from various locations, including town and parish councils and from the Kennet District Council offices at Browfort.
Councillor Peter Evans, said: "If you are a dog owner you have a responsibility to clean up after your pet and with these poop scoop bags being so readily available there is no excuse.
"I would also encourage anyone who sees an owner failing in their duty, to contact the Animal Welfare Officer at the council."