A BBC poll shows that half of those questioned in a survey were opposed to road pricing, even if all the money raised was spent on public transport.
Almost 44% of respondents were in favour of road pricing
The ICM poll for the Politics Show surveyed 826 people in the West Midlands and the North West; 50% were against charging motorists.
The survey was conducted around Birmingham and Manchester where pilot road pricing schemes could be set up.
The programme also reveals opposition to pricing in Shrewsbury, Shropshire.
The poll also showed that out of the people surveyed almost 44% were in favour of road pricing.
There is slightly stronger support for road pricing in the North West, where 45% of respondents said they were in favour, compared to 42% in the West Midlands.
The BBC's West Midlands Transport Correspondent Peter Plisner said: "I have been watching this for several years and I have never seen approval ratings so low."
Shrewsbury is one of 10 towns and cities in the UK where a pilot road pricing scheme could be introduced.
With access to the town centre limited to three road bridges, its road structure makes it an easy candidate for introducing charges for motorists.
But Shrewsbury Conservative MP Daniel Kawczynski has launched his own on-line petition against the plans.
"There are serious issues regarding traffic levels and pollution in Shrewsbury and other British towns, but it is wrong to think that congestion charging is the answer," he said.
"Congestion charging will hit tourism as visitors choose other towns in preference to Shrewsbury."
Further results of the survey will be revealed in the BBC Politics Show on Sunday 11 March at 1130 GMT.