CCTV cameras will be used in Sheffield to spot drivers clogging up the city's bus and tram lanes.
Motorists could face fines of up to £60 for using the bus lanes
Any offending motorists could face fines of up to £60 once the cameras are introduced next month.
Council chiefs believe about 5,000 vehicles each day are abusing the lanes in Hillsborough alone.
Those behind the scheme said they hoped it would make the city's buses more reliable and encourage more people to use them.
It will be the first time the measure will be used in Yorkshire, although it is already being used in parts of London.
Councils in Brighton and Nottingham are also looking at using a similar scheme.
The cameras will initially be installed in Hillsborough Corner before being rolled out to the rest of Sheffield.
Operators will be based in the city's existing security CCTV centre who will record the number plates of offending vehicles.
Council leaders have said they will give motorists a "period of grace" before they start imposing fines.
City council transport spokesman Bryan Lodge said: "We are not looking to raise money from motorists as any revenue will be directly re-invested in the enforcement process.
"We just want drivers to respect the restrictions, which are there for a good reason.
"Bus and tram lane enforcement will help us to deliver quicker and more reliable public transport to make it a better option for more people."