Opencast mining will end at Orgreave in South Yorkshire, the site of the infamous pitched battle between police and miners during the 1984 strike.
The Orgreave site has run out of coal
Operators UK Coal have been getting fuel out of the site by open casting for the last 10 years.
But production will stop before Christmas and the site will be eventually restored for housing and industrial units.
Around 50 people work at the site which has now run out of coal.
During the decade of open cast mining around five million tonnes of coal have been recovered with more than 92 million cubic metres of rock and soils dug out from nine different shallow seams.
Now houses for around 8,000 people are planned for the site to build a "new community", a development which UK Coal said would complement the adjoining industrial park which is home to some high-technology businesses.
UK Coal Director Pat O'Brien: "The site has a colourful and productive past, it's now time to look to the future.
"About half the land is earmarked for development and the rest will be amenity space and lakes creating an environment in which family life and community spirit should flourish.
"Developing the largest brownfield site in the region for a new tomorrow is an exciting prospect, and one which will provide a fresh impetus to the community, heralding as it will to new jobs, new homes and a new future for many."