[an error occurred while processing this directive]
BBC News
watch One-Minute World News
Last Updated: Tuesday, 7 June, 2005, 18:07 GMT 19:07 UK
Scientists find love in nine ways
Love Hearts
A study involving 50 people came up with the nine types
A study claims love between couples comes in exactly nine forms.

Psychologists asked people to sort a set of 60 statements, each offering a different view of love.

The team, from Nottingham Trent University and University College London, said it was then able to identify nine varieties of love.

Their definitions from the nine types include Cupid's arrow, hedonistic love and love as ultimate connection and profound feeling.

Different varieties of love
Trust, recognition and support - described as the "central story of love in our culture"
Cupid's arrow - love rooted in the physical attraction
Hedonistic love - little more than the pleasant and hedonistic feelings of excitement
Love as ultimate connection and profound feeling - a belief that love is the most profound of human feelings
Demythologised love - the romantic myth of love is rejected in favour of hard work and compromise
Dr Simon Watts, senior lecturer in psychology at Nottingham Trent University, said: "People down the ages have always tried to capture and pigeon-hole love.

"The evidence suggests, however, that love is historically and culturally variable.

"There is no one true or definitive account of love, rather there are a limited and interconnected variety of love stories at work in any particular culture."

He added the research found that expectations of love and relationships were not being satisfied.

"Our study highlights some of those expectations, such as the heavy burden of responsibility we often place on our partners to make our lives better," said Dr Watts.

Different varieties of love
Love as transformative adventure - unpredictable love which can bring pleasure but can easily go wrong
From Cupid's arrow to role-bound relationship - love begins as an uncontrollable passion before the couple settle down
From Cupid's arrow to friendship - initial intense feelings give way over time to a relationship based friendship
Dyadic-partnership love - involves "the merging of two people" where both partners put their relationship before their own individual needs
"But it also shows that there really are 'other' ways of thinking about love and we hope that these might ultimately help to change some people's expectations in a manner that is positive for them."

Fifty people took part in the survey.

Researchers said the most dominant view was that love should be based upon mutual trust, recognition and support.




SEE ALSO:


RELATED BBC LINKS:

RELATED INTERNET LINKS:
The BBC is not responsible for the content of external internet sites


PRODUCTS AND SERVICES

News Front Page | Africa | Americas | Asia-Pacific | Europe | Middle East | South Asia
UK | Business | Entertainment | Science/Nature | Technology | Health
Have Your Say | In Pictures | Week at a Glance | Country Profiles | In Depth | Programmes
Americas Africa Europe Middle East South Asia Asia Pacific