The head teacher and four staff from a special school have appeared in court charged with causing unnecessary suffering to children in their care.
The school was for children with learning and behavioural problems
The five men were granted bail at a Norwich Crown Court hearing which was adjourned until 25 June.
Former headmaster George Robson, 63, three teachers and a care assistant all worked at Banham Marshalls College near Diss in Norfolk.
Mr Robson is charged with 23 offences including two of indecent assault.
The charges relate to girls under the age of 16 and one dates to the 1970s and the other to the 1980s.
'Conspiring with staff'
His brother Thomas Robson, 59, from Banham in Norfolk, is charged with conspiring with other staff members to causing unnecessary suffering to children and ill-treatment of youngsters in his care from 1977 to 1988.
Robert Wilson, 54, a former teacher from Ipswich, faces two charges of indecently assaulting a girl under the age of 16 between 1981 and 1986.
Another five charges of conspiracy to cause suffering to children and two of wilful ill-treatment were also made.
Derek Holesworth, 46, of Banham faces two counts of conspiracy to cause suffering to children between 1976 and 1982 and three charges of wilfully ill-treating youngsters in the late 1970s and early 1980s.
David Clarke, 52, a care assistant from Grays House at Banham Marshalls College, faces charges of causing unnecessary suffering to five children in his care from 1995 to 2003.