Page last updated at 12:19 GMT, Tuesday, 23 June 2009 13:19 UK

Forgotten hero's roll call honour

Bolton Council Roll of Honour
Pte Smith was shot in 1917

A soldier shot for desertion during World War I despite suffering from shell shock will have his name added to a roll of honour in Greater Manchester.

Bolton Council agreed that Private James Smith will receive recognition 92 years after he was executed.

Pte Smith, of the 1st Battalion Lancashire Fusiliers, was shot at dawn in 1917 by a 12-man firing squad for disobeying a direct order.

His name will be added on Armed Forces Day on 27 June at a private ceremony.

The execution took place a year after Private Smith was nearly killed at the Somme when a German artillery attack nearly buried him alive.

We recognise Private Smith for what he was — not a coward, but a brave soldier who was made seriously ill by his traumatic experiences in several battles in that war
Councillor Norman Critchley, Mayor of Bolton

The incident left him in a poor physical and mental state and he later suffered a breakdown, resulting in three courts martial — the last of which led to his execution.

More than 300 soldiers, including Pte Smith, were pardoned by the Government in November 2006, but their names were not automatically added to honour rolls.

Mayor of Bolton, Councillor Norman Critchley, said: "Many brave soldiers who took part in World War I were mentally scarred by their experiences of living and fighting in the trenches, but there was little understanding of their condition and at the time, they were regarded as cowards and executed as traitors for being unable to go back into battle.

"We recognise Private Smith for what he was — not a coward, but a brave soldier who was made seriously ill by his traumatic experiences in several battles in that war. We are delighted to add his name to Bolton's roll of honour and recognise his sacrifice for his country."

The Vicar of Bolton, Reverend Matt Thomson, will lead the service at the council's Hall of Memory, which will include a one minute silence and will be attended by Private Smith's descendents.



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