An east London borough has come out top in an annual survey of London garden birds by the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds (RSPB).
Sparrows came in second place
Barking and Dagenham recorded the highest concentration of starlings and house sparrows for the RSPB's Big Garden Bird Watch in January.
The starling retained its position as London's most commonly spotted garden bird for the second year running.
Sparrows came in second place but both species are continuing to decline.
The results showed there were an average of 10.37 starlings in Barking and Dagenham, compared with a London average of 3.51. In 2004 there were 3.6.
A record 30,000 Londoners took part in the Big Garden Bird Watch, which also revealed an increase in blackbirds and wrens.
The growing colony of ring necked parakeets also jumped up from 19th place in 2005 to 15th.
The RSPB's Tim Webb urged those who had taken part in the survey to help boost the number of birds.
"If everyone with access to an outside wall, roof garden, windowsill or a city garden did their bit to grow plants suitable to feed and shelter our birds we could make a huge impact," he said.