Being a victim of domestic violence is not an issue you would usually associate with men.
Many male victims fear they will not be taken seriously
Yet Matthew, 27, from Leicester, was regularly attacked by an ex-girlfriend for about a year before seeking help. He said many men suffer in silence.
The violence started just before his ex-partner became pregnant with their daughter in the summer of 2003.
But when he finally plucked up the courage to report one incident he was amazed by how the police reacted.
He said the officers he spoke to were incredulous and did not bother interviewing him about it - leading him to doubt himself.
"When you're going through it, it does kind of worry you. What do you do? How have I brought this on myself? If the professionals are telling me this but I can't see that, have I done something wrong?" he said.
Sgt Vanessa Robinson, from Leicestershire Police, said: "We didn't give him a good service. We have learned from that and that particular example does form part of the training we're delivering.
"It shouldn't be different how you deal with a male or a female offender, at the end of the day a crime has been committed."
Robin, 62, a former managing director from Penarth, Vale of Glamorgan, said he was still traumatised by domestic violence at the hands of his ex-wife 20 years ago.
He recalled spotting hospital notes labelling him "a battered husband" when he sought treatment for his injuries.
"It was the ultimate humiliation. I felt I wasn't a man, I felt it was a declaration to the world that I wasn't able to be a man, I wasn't manly enough to withstand a woman".
When he reported one attack to police, he said he was "pretty much laughed out of the station".
He said: "'She threw a cup at you - why don't you just learn to duck?' they said. They were mocking me. They didn't even interview me."
Robin also faced problems in his work.
"I told a management colleague and he went spare and said don't you dare mention this to any of your staff or we'll have to get rid of you."
In a statement, South Wales Police said any allegation relating to a domestic incident was treated with the upmost seriousness, regardless of gender.
There is the additional problem of assessing which of two partners in a violent relationship is the actual perpetrator.
"There's a tremendous problem in differentiating between the genuine male victim (who does exist), and the man who is purporting being the victim when in fact it is the female," said Sgt Robinson.
"But this happens in same-sex relationships too".
Rosemary, a helpline worker for Cambridgeshire-based Men's Aid, added: "A lot of these men won't hit back because if they do, they're the ones who are going to get charged with assault."
Male victims face additional problems in that there are only about six or seven hostel places available for them in the whole of England and Wales.
"I'm trying to find places for men and it's almost an impossibility - I've had men sleeping in their cars, on their relations' floors, staying with friends because there's nowhere to go," Rosemary said.
Many men - like women - will stay in a violent relationship as they fear for their children.