Plans to merge two primary schools on a new £6.6m site in Worcestershire have been rejected.
The county council approved plans to shut Stourport-on-Severn's Lickhill Primary School and expand Stourport Primary School last year.
But schools adjudicator June Brown raised several concerns, including the impact it would have on the community.
Under the plans, the new school was to open on the site of the former Lickhill Middle School in September 2011.
Ms Brown raised concerns over the diversity of school provision in the area and the fact that Lickhill was put into special measures last month.
The county council said in October that closing Lickhill Primary School was necessary because the building was unsuitable and that a new school could help improve standards and provide better value for money.
But the merger plans went before the independent adjudicator following an appeal by the governing body at Lickhill.
Parents had also raised concerns, including that their children's education could suffer in a larger school.
And a council consultation last year found that 535 people were against closing the school while 53 were in favour.
In January, Lickhill Primary School was put into special measures by Ofted inspectors, who criticised the way writing was taught, the quality of lessons and the school's management.
Lickhill was appealing against those findings.