Pub landlords in Gloucestershire are warning that installing CCTV could force them out of business if they have to have the cameras to get a licence.
More police forces insist on CCTV in return for supporting a licence application but Gloucestershire only requires it if there has been trouble.
The Licensed Victuallers Association in the county says it is one more expense that pubs cannot afford.
Landlords also claim the cameras are invasive and put off customers.
Steve Herbert, who runs the Old Spot pub in Dursley, said: "It's crazy isn't it? Licensees have been hit so badly in the last couple of years.
"We've had the smoking ban, the bad weather, duty increases well above the rate of inflation and we're having to cough up for it.
"It's an invasion of privacy - absolutely no need."