A Devon woman is facing the first prosecution for putting non-recyclable rubbish in a green bin.
Donna Challice, 30, of Wonford in Exeter, is due to appear at Cullompton Magistrates' Court on Monday.
She is charged with contaminating recyclable waste under the Environmental Protection Act.
The mother-of-three faces a possible fine of £1,000 and court costs if the case, brought by Exeter City Council, goes ahead.
Under the Environmental Protection Act, local authorities have the power to specify how people separate their waste, which bin it should be placed in and which day it will be collected.
In the past year, Exeter City Council issued 1,500 first-warning letters to residents who contaminated recycling.
Three hundred then received a second letter, and about 15 or 20 were sent a final warning.
From April 6 this year, those who choose to disobey recycling guidelines can face on-the-spot fines of £100 under the Clean Neighbourhoods Act.