The Bishop of Truro has said he is concerned regeneration money is not being used to help people who need it most in Cornwall.
The bishop said in some cases small amounts of cash would help
The Objective One programme has seen £200m from a £300m pot of European money come into the county since 1999.
But The Rt Rev Bill Ind believes it is not dealing with problems of low wages, deprivation or social exclusion.
The county will get development funding until 2013 from the European Commission because it is still considered poor.
The Bishop is becoming increasingly concerned over the divergence between what he called the prosperity of "visitor's Cornwall" and the place that real people live in.
In a week when it was reported that the Eden Project was to receive a further £20m, Bishop Ind said there were still cases of real deprivation in some rural communities which could be helped by relatively small amounts of cash.
Bishop Ind said: "There's no doubt that Objective One has done enormous good for all sorts of people, but lots of communities are still left out.
"All I'm pleading for is that in the midst of all this celebration, which is well-deserved, there are a significant number of people who are missing out completely and I want them addressed and cared for."
The Camborne Pool Redruth Urban Regeneration Company is due to spend £146m over the next 10 or 15 years on several projects to help the area.
Tim Williams from the company said it was aware some groups were not getting money that they might really need, and everyone wanted to do something to address this.
He said: "You only have to work in the public sector in this area to realise that there are some real concerns out there about how you get maximum benefits for communities out there with a one-off amount of money.
"It is the right time for a debate. We [the company] are trying to do it differently, but I know it's a problem."
The European Commission has said Cornwall will get further development funding until 2013 because it is still relatively poor and the sums will be similar to the amount of Objective One money.