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Last Updated: Tuesday, 24 July 2007, 11:12 GMT 12:12 UK
At-risk buildings 'need millions'
Cardington Number One airship hangar, Bedfordshire
The airship hangar in Cardington is three times longer than a 747
Europe's oldest existing airship hangar and the foundry where James Watt's steam engine was made have been named among England's most at-risk buildings.

They are two of the 52 new entries on English Heritage's Buildings at Risk Register, which details the listed buildings considered most under threat.

Several need more than 1m to secure their futures, the organisation said.

The register contains 1,235 buildings, which need a total of about 400m to be brought into a state of repair.

They are literally falling apart before our eyes
Simon Thurley,
English Heritage chief executive

English Heritage's list features Grade I and II listed buildings, with 88 having been removed since last year's register was published.

It gives a "conservation deficit" for each site, which occurs when a building will cost more to repair than it is worth when repaired, and is therefore money which cannot be recouped from the final value after restoration.

Royal Insurance Building. Liverpool
The Royal Insurance Building in Liverpool has been added to the list

The 16 most at-risk new additions to the register would need at least 65m of public funding to safeguard them, with each one requiring 1m or more.

Most in need of financial support is the Chatterley Whitfield Colliery in Stoke-on-Trent, which the organisation said would require 25m.

The airship hangar in Cardington, Bedfordshire, is said to be the only one in Europe to have been built before the end of World War I which is still in situ.

James Watt's engine was made at Soho Foundry in Smethwick, West Midlands.

English Heritage said each of those buildings would need a 5m public subsidy to safeguard their future.

Chatterley Whitfield Colliery, Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire - 25m conservation deficit
Cardington No 1 Airship Hangar, Bedford - 5m
Ditherington Flax Mill and attached malt kiln, Shrewsbury, Shropshire - 5m
Soho Foundry, Smethwick, West Midlands - 5m
Birnbeck Pier, Weston-super-Mare, North Somerset - 4m
Crossness Pumping Station, Bexley, London - 3m
Royal Insurance Building, Liverpool - 3m
Astley Castle, Warwickshire - 2m
Remains of Old Quarr Abbey, Isle of Wight - 2m
The Large Mansion, Hounslow, London - 2m
Tynemouth Station, Tyne and Wear - 2m
Abbey Mills Pumping Station, Newham, London - 1.5m
Bank Hall, Chorley, Lancashire - 1.5m
The Mausoleum, Ryedale, North Yorkshire - 1m
Western Heights fortifications, Dover, Kent - 1m
Wicker Arch and viaduct, Sheffield, South Yorkshire - 1m
Source: English Heritage

Other buildings added to the list this year include a former flax mill in Shropshire, the Royal Insurance Building in Liverpool and the remains of a medieval abbey in the grounds of a monastery on the Isle of Wight.

English Heritage offered 4.4m to buildings at risk during 2006, but this covered just 1.3% of the estimated total conservation deficit of all the sites on the register.

The organisation's chief executive, Simon Thurley, said: "We call on the government, and especially the new secretary of state, to work with us to convince public funding bodies of the value of the nation's heritage and that buildings like the ones we have identified today deserve a second chance.

"English Heritage has been monitoring many of these buildings for many years and, if you look at some of the buildings we're highlighting today, you will see that even four or five years ago much more of these buildings were still standing.

"They are literally falling apart before our eyes."

Former tin mine shaft 'at-risk'
24 Jul 07 |  Cornwall
Forerunner of skyscraper at risk
24 Jul 07 |  Shropshire
Historic building risk list grows
24 Jul 07 |  Lincolnshire
Steam engine birthplace at risk
24 Jul 07 |  West Midlands
Former colliery complex at risk
24 Jul 07 |  Staffordshire
Listed buildings off 'risk' list
24 Jul 07 |  South Yorkshire
Fire-damaged stately home at risk
24 Jul 07 |  Coventry/Warwickshire

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