Campaigners have warned that a village will be obliterated if plans are passed for a second runway at East Midlands Airport.
The village congregation would decrease, say campaigners
A number of houses in Diseworth, Leicestershire, would be demolished and local people say the village would become uninhabitable.
There are about 250 homes and some 650 people living in the village which is on the border with Derbyshire.
The airport says it will not comment on residents concerns until the government publishes plans for airport expansion.
Among the plans to expand airport capacity across the country is a proposal to build a second runway at East Midlands airport.
An alternative could be a completely new airport built at Rugby in Warwickshire which would have flightpaths over south Leicestershire.
We can imagine that what we have is a ghost village surrounded by runways
Alan Leech, from the environmental group Wings, says the effect on the area would be devastating.
"It would be totally impossible for people to live in that village because it would be so close to that second runway.
"That second runway will be three kilometres long and there will be traffic coming in and out all the time.
"So we can imagine that what we have is a ghost village surrounded by runways and airport development."
People living in Diseworth are also concerned about house prices - many have failed to sell their homes, they say.
The government white paper is due out in the summer after consultation into how air capacity can be increased across the country.