Two people have been remanded in custody after a fence was cut and vehicles damaged at RAF Fairford.
Several anti-war protests have taken place at the base
Dr Margaret Jones, 54, from Bristol, and Arthur Milling, 57, from Birmingham, were arrested in the early hours of Friday and appeared at Cheltenham magistrate's on Friday afternoon.
They will appear at Gloucester crown court on Friday 21 March.
Both are charged with conspiracy to commit damage, criminal damage and aggravated trespass.
The Ministry of Defence is reviewing security at the camp following the incident, but says the intruders did not get near any aircraft.
RAF Fairford is a NATO-designated standby base and is shared with the US Air Force.
It has been the scene of several anti-war demonstrations since14 B-52 bombers arrived in early March.