Friday, June 4, 1999 Published at 02:04 GMT 03:04 UK
Bullies target stammerers, says study
Bullying can lead to low self-esteem in adult life
Most children who stammer are bullied at school, according to a study.
It suggests that 83% of stammerers have experienced bullying, with more than 70% of this group saying it occurred at least once a week.
In half of all such cases, parents and teachers were said to be unaware of what was going on.
And nearly a third of those who were bullied as children because of stammering reported that the bullying had had lasting effects, such as low self-esteem.
The report, published in the British Journal of Educational Psychology, also says that children who stammer find it difficult to make friends.
It was written by Dr Siobahn Hugh-Jones of Leeds University and Professor Peter Smith of Goldsmiths' College, London.
Their findings were based on answers to questions provided by 276 adult stammerers.