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Friday, 20 October, 2000, 18:38 GMT 19:38 UK
Statue quiz: The set in stone

Statues of two 19th Century generals in Trafalgar Square could be "jettisoned" because no-one knows who they are, says London mayor Ken Livingstone.

Test your knowledge of statuary with BBC News Online's quiz: "Who's on the plinth?"

(See bottom of page for answers or hover your cursor over each image).


Richard I, The Lionheart
1) This monarch was really worth a king's ransom. His English subjects were asked to stump up 150,000 marks after he was captured and held hostage by Holy Roman emperor Henry VI.

His subjects took a mixed view of this monarch - perhaps because between "crusading" in the holy land, ruling Normandy and Anjou and his imprisonment, he actually spent precious little time in the country.


Sir Winston Churchill
2) The prime minister who offered "blood, toil, tears and sweat", was recently repaid in spray paint and soil by anti-capitalist protesters.

He coined the phrases: "The United States of Europe" and "The Iron Curtain". Indeed, the statesman had such a winning way with words he was given the 1953 Nobel Prize for Literature.


Fred Perry
3) This tennis star's name is bandied around every June, to the increasing embarrassment of the British circuit's current crop of male players.

He was, of course, the last Briton to win the Wimbledon men's singles title, way back in 1936. His winning ways were not to everyone's liking. His on-court aggression, and working class roots, prompted criticism.


Major General Sir Henry Havelock
4) Know this face? Neither does Ken Livingstone. This hero of the First Anglo-Burmese war is one of the figures the mayor thinks not one in 10,000 visitors to Trafalgar Square could identify.

Here's a clue. During the Indian Mutiny, troops under his command broke the siege of Lucknow - admittedly on their fourth attempt.


Eric Morecambe
5) Born John Bartholomew, this British comic legend decided to take the name of his Lancashire home town.

Together with his stage partner, Ernie Wise, he dominated British TV. The duo's 1977 Christmas show was watched by 28.8 million viewers - half the UK population.


Oscar Wilde
6) "Either that wallpaper goes, or I do," vowed Fingal O'Flahertie Wills on his Parisian deathbed in 1900. The wall hanging won out.

Poet, dramatist, wit and jailbird, this Irish hero ended his days a broken bankrupt after fleeing London. "The English have a miraculous power of turning wine into water".


Oliver Cromwell
7) This parliamentarian took on the crown, and won. With his initially reluctant support, Charles I was beheaded following his defeat in the English Civil War.

Despite his efforts, the republican experiment went awry. "My design is to make what haste I can to be gone," he said before dying. The returning monarchists ignored his wish, exhuming and beheading the late Lord Protector.


Harold Wilson
8) Three centuries on, this Yorkshire parliamentarian was also concerned by the Royal Family. "The monarchy is a labour-intensive industry," he once mused.

Prime minister for the first time in the swinging sixties, this politician even managed to feature in the lyrics of a Beatles song.


Sir Alf Ramsey
9) Though nicknamed "The General", this English hero's field of honour was the football pitch. First as England captain, then as the national squad's manager.

Despite taking his "wingless wonders" to World Cup victory in 1966, his failure to take the team to the 1974 championships won him the boot.


Martin Luther King Jr.
10) Though not a British citizen, this man's statue holds pride of place over the Great West Door of Westminster Abbey.

This American Baptist minister's battle for civil rights earned him the Nobel Prize for Peace - and also attracted the wrath of an assassin.


1. Richard I, The Lionheart 2. Sir Winston Churchill 3. Fred Perry 4. Major General Sir Henry Havelock 5. Eric Morecambe 6. Oscar Wilde 7. Oliver Cromwell 8. Harold Wilson 9. Sir Alf Ramsey 10. Martin Luther King Jr.

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