Rifleman Edward Vakabua died at the British base in Basra Palace
A soldier suspected of shooting dead a colleague in Iraq with a gun he did not believe was loaded has been charged with manslaughter.
The Ministry of Defence said Rifleman Aaron Kendrick, of 4 Rifles, had been charged over the death on 6 July 2007.
An investigation was launched after Rifleman Edward Vakabua, 23, from Suva, Fiji, was shot in the head.
The charge was brought by the Army Prosecuting Authority - the equivalent of the Crown Prosecution Service.
The fatal incident happened at the British army's Basra Palace base.
A spokesman for the MoD said the accused was charged on Tuesday, but was not in custody and remained at his post.
He is due to appear for a plea and directions hearing before a court martial at a date to be set in the near future, the spokesman said.
Rifleman Vakabua was serving in Mortar Platoon attached to 7 Platoon, B Company.
Known as "Vaka", the MoD described him as a "quiet, shy and pleasant character".
And Capt Will Peltor, Rifleman Vakabua's platoon commander, said he was "a proud son of Fiji" whose death had hurt all of his colleagues deeply.