Bilal Abdullah, one of the men arrested after the suspected car bomb attack at Glasgow airport, has been charged with conspiracy to cause explosions.
Dr Abdullah, 27, an Iraqi doctor, will appear before Westminster magistrates on Saturday following the alleged terror plots in London and Glasgow.
The decision comes as dramatic new film of the alleged Glasgow car bomb attack has been obtained by the BBC.
The footage shows a burning jeep crashing into the terminal building.
The Crown Prosecution Service said Dr Abdullah was being charged under the 1883 Explosive Substances Act.
The charge, which covers a period from January 1 to July 1 this year, alleges that he "unlawfully and maliciously conspired with others to cause explosions of a nature likely to endanger life or cause serious injury to property in the United Kingdom".
It carries a maximum sentence of life.
Susan Hemming, head of the CPS Counter Terrorism Division said: "I have now made the decision that there is sufficient evidence and authorised the charging of Bilal Abdullah with conspiracy to cause explosions following incidents in London and Glasgow on 29 June 2007 and 30 June 2007.
"Other individuals arrested by the police in connection with the bomb attacks remain in custody pending a charging decision."
In the newly released footage, passengers are heard expressing their shock as police drag Kafeel Ahmed, his clothes burnt off and hair scorched, away from the wrecked Jeep.
Australian police have been given more time to quiz a relative of Mr Ahmed.
The newly-released footage, shot by a Hungarian bystander, was obtained by the BBC from a Hungarian television station.
As the film was shot, an alarm sounds continually and passengers talk about the unfolding scene. They sound alarmed and concerned rather than panicky.
Police have been given more time to question Dr Haneef
The most dramatic images are those of Kafeel Ahmed, 27, from Bangalore, India. He is still in a critical condition in a specialist burns unit at Glasgow Royal Infirmary after suffering 90% burns.
There are gasps and profanities from the passengers as the camera focuses on him as he is dragged along the ground by the police, his hands behind his back in cuffs.
His clothes are all but burnt off, his skin and hair is scorched.
Dr Abdullah, from Iraq, is seen being led away by police after he was doused with CS gas.
Although the UK has lowered its terror threat level from "critical" to "severe", police are on high alert ahead of the second anniversary on Saturday of the suicide bombings which killed 52 people on London's transport network.
Security is also tight this weekend for the start of the Tour de France cycle race in London and the finals of the Wimbledon tennis championship.
Prime Minister Gordon Brown spoke to his Australian counterpart John Howard about the suspected terror plot after police in Australia were given more time to question Mohammed Haneef.
Dr Haneef was held at Brisbane airport as he tried to leave for India on Monday.
He is a relative of Kafeel Ahmed and his brother Sabeel, who was arrested in Liverpool.
Police in Australia have also seized computers and other material as well as interviewing and subsequently releasing four doctors. A fifth doctor was also being questioned.
It emerged that contrary to earlier reports, Mr Ahmed was not a medic but an engineer with a PhD in design and technology.