Europe South Asia Asia Pacific Americas Middle East Africa BBC Homepage World Service Education



Front Page

World

UK

UK Politics

Business

Sci/Tech

Health

Education

Sport

Entertainment

Talking Point

In Depth

On Air

Archive
Feedback
Low Graphics
Help

Sunday, October 31, 1999 Published at 16:06 GMT


UK

Pagans celebrate as numbers soar

Druids are among the groups which embrace paganism

As the UK becomes awash with ghosts, ghouls, tricks and treats on Halloween night, thousands of pagans will be celebrating a far more ancient festival.

The pre-Christian festival of Samhain, which falls on 31 October, is the biggest event on the pagan calendar.

Paganism, which embraces a variety of groups including druids, witches and followers of the Viking god Odin, is one of the fastest growing religions in the UK.


[ image: Paganism is one of the UK's fastest growing religions]
Paganism is one of the UK's fastest growing religions
At Samhain - pronounced "sow-en" - pagans remember their dead and look to the future.

A study in 1997 suggested there were 100,000 practising pagans in the UK, an increase of 95,000 since 1990.

The Pagan Federation says it is currently getting 100 inquiries a month from potential new recruits.

It continues to grow despite widespread prejudice - often fuelled by the tabloid newspapers - and the mistaken belief of many that paganism equates to black magic and even Satanism.

Central to pagan beliefs respect for nature, the existence of both male and female gods and empowering individuals to fulfil their potential.

Kate West, vice president of the Pagan Federation and a practising witch, told BBC News Online Samhain markrf the end of their year and the beginning of a new period.

'Remember our dead'

It is the Celtic equivalent of New Year's Eve, and is regarded as "a time of positive celebration to be enjoyed".

She said: "It is when the veil between the worlds of the living and the dead is at its thinnest and we remember our dead."

Ms West said the way pagans celebrated Samhain varied from group to group, but a feast was central to most events.

But it might also involve singing, dancing and chanting around a bonfire.

She said: "We gather together and look into the future to see what is coming in the year ahead, perhaps with tarot cards, but we also celebrate what has past.

"We celebrate the lives of loved ones and their achievements."

Fully clothed

She said the festival fell at "a time of plenty" and feasts developed in ancient times as pagans prepared for the winter.

They would use up excess grain and other food and slaughter old animals - not as sacrifices, but because they were not expected to survive the winter.

But unlike the May Day celebration of Beltane, their fertility festival, when some pagans shed their clothes, celebrations on Sunday night will be fully clothes: the UK weather is just not conducive to such behaviour, said Ms West.

She believes paganism is becoming more popular as people seek more freedom in their beliefs.

She said: "Spiritually, people want more than the paternalistic 'I will tell you what to think and what to do' attitude.

"As a race we are maturing. We want to make our own decisions about our own morality. We don't believe in indoctrination."





Advanced options | Search tips




Back to top | BBC News Home | BBC Homepage | ©


UK Contents

Northern Ireland
Scotland
Wales
England

Relevant Stories

11 Aug 99 | Total Eclipse
Pagan weddings eclipse hearts

06 Aug 99 | UK
Eclipse seekers threaten ancient monuments

20 Jun 98 | UK
The day of the Druids

21 Jun 98 | UK
Druids celebrate solstice





Internet Links


The British Druid Order

Pagan Federation

The Druids


The BBC is not responsible for the content of external internet sites.




In this section

Next steps for peace

Blairs' surprise over baby

Bowled over by Lord's

Beef row 'compromise' under fire

Hamilton 'would sell mother'

Industry misses new trains target

From Sport
Quins fightback shocks Cardiff

From Business
Vodafone takeover battle heats up

IRA ceasefire challenge rejected

Thousands celebrate Asian culture

From Sport
Christie could get two-year ban

From Entertainment
Colleagues remember Compo

Mother pleads for baby's return

Toys withdrawn in E.coli health scare

From Health
Nurses role set to expand

Israeli PM's plane in accident

More lottery cash for grassroots

Pro-lifers plan shock launch

Double killer gets life

From Health
Cold 'cure' comes one step closer

From UK Politics
Straw on trial over jury reform

Tatchell calls for rights probe into Mugabe

Ex-spy stays out in the cold

From UK Politics
Blair warns Livingstone

From Health
Smear equipment `misses cancers'

From Entertainment
Boyzone star gets in Christmas spirit

Fake bubbly warning

Murder jury hears dead girl's diary

From UK Politics
Germ warfare fiasco revealed

Blair babe triggers tabloid frenzy

Tourists shot by mistake

A new look for News Online