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Last Updated: Thursday, 11 May 2006, 14:12 GMT 15:12 UK
At-a-glance: 7 July narrative
The key findings of the official government report, or "narrative", into the London attacks of 7 July 2005, in which four suicide bombers killed 52 people and injured hundreds of others on three Tube trains and a bus, are as follows:


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  • It is not known when the group first developed the idea of an attack in the UK

  • But suspected ringleader Mohammad Sidique Khan and Shehzad Tanweer visited Pakistan from November 2004 to February 2005 and this may have been an important element

  • The bombs were constructed using materials which were readily available and which required "little expertise" to turn into bombs

  • The group was motivated by "fierce antagonism to perceived injustices by the West against Muslims" and a desire for martyrdom

  • Among details of the day's events are that at about 0830 BST on 7 July, four men fitting their descriptions are seen in London hugging. They appear "happy, even euphoric". They then split up

  • After three bombs go off on three different London Underground trains, Hasib Hussain appears at King's Cross station

  • He tries in vain to contact the other bombers by mobile, and goes to buy a battery (possibly indicating his bomb did not work) and then to a McDonald's. He appears relaxed and unhurried. He then gets on the number 30 bus which later exploded

  • The backgrounds of the four men appear largely unexceptional

  • It is not known how or when Khan developed his extreme views

  • By 2001 he was clearly serious about religion. He spoke out against the 11 September attacks, but some remarked on a change of character in 2002

  • Similarly, Shehzad Tanweer became very religious but those around him observed no sign this had turned to extremism

  • Germaine Lindsay was a convert to Islam and strongly influenced by known extremist preacher Abdullah al Faisal, now in prison

  • Hasib Hussain undertook a Hajj visit to Saudi Arabia with his family early in 2002.

  • After this, he began wearing traditional clothing and a prayer cap and would wear white on Fridays. Some time after this it was noticed that he had written "Al Qaida No Limits" on his RE schoolbook. He regarded the 9/11 bombers as martyrs

  • Three of the four - not Lindsay - had a social life based around the same mosque, youth club, gym and Islamic bookshop in Beeston. Lindsay and Khan presumably met in Huddersfield

  • Khan, in a video broadcast later, justified violence "through his own twisted interpretation of Islam"

  • In May 2005 the group rented 18 Alexandra Grove, in the student area of Leeds, and turned it into a "bomb making factory"

  • There appears to have been at least one reconnoitring visit to London on 28 June by Khan, Tanweer and Lindsay, but not Hussain

  • The "best estimate" for the cost to the bombers of the attacks was less than 8,000 overall

  • The group appears to have been self-financed

  • The behaviour of the bombers in the run up to 7 July appeared generally normal to those around them, with the exception of Lindsay

  • It is reported that there was a marked change in Lindsay's character after November 2004. He was behaving erratically and possibly criminally, but not in a way that aroused suspicion of terrorist intentions

  • There is as yet no firm evidence as to whether there was any al-Qaeda support. But the target and type of attack are typical of al-Qaeda and those inspired by its ideologies

  • Police are still investigating. They have taken over 12,500 statements; there are over 26,000 exhibits of which over 5,000 are being forensically examined; they have seized 142 computers and there are more than 6,000 hours of CCTV footage

  • The first concrete sign that the UK had become a target for al-Qaeda type attack was in November 2000 when two British citizens of Bangladeshi origin were arrested in Birmingham. One of those arrested was convicted of explosives related offences and sentenced to 20 years imprisonment.

  • Indoctrination appears to have been mainly through personal contact and group bonding

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