Monday, September 27, 1999 Published at 12:51 GMT 13:51 UK
Delight and despair at gay ban ruling
The European Court of Human Rights' ruling on the ban on gays in the military has been greeted with a mixture of joy and derision.
The ruling is not binding on the UK Government.
But the reaction of the Defence Secretary Lord Robertson, who suspended all pending disciplinary hearings against "suspected" gays, suggests he has accepted the ban is no longer legally sustainable.
'Off to celebrate'
A Royal Navy chef, who could become the last person sacked from Britain's armed forces for being gay, said he was "over the moon" at the ruling. Richard Young, a 25-year-old reservist at HMS Drake in Plymouth, received his administrative discharge papers on Friday after admitting his homosexuality to senior officers.
Mr Young, who is to seek compensation from the Ministry of Defence (MoD) after losing his job and home, said: "I'm going to celebrate tonight.
"I'll think about compensation and my future over the next week, but this is a great boost to my confidence in securing justice."
'Striking root of discipline'
But former allied forces commander General Sir Anthony Farrar-Hockley described the decision was "ridiculous".
He said it was not for civilian courts, especially foreign civilian courts, to interfere in the running of the military.
Sir Anthony told the BBC: "It is striking at the root of discipline and morale to have a policy whereby you knowingly enlist people who are homosexual into the armed forces because they have to live hugger-mugger at most times.
"And when they go to war people are thrown together where the great majority do not want to be brought in to contact with homosexual practices."
'Ban should remain'
Shadow defence spokesman Richard Ottaway suggested the UK might seek an opt-out from the decision.
He told BBC Radio 4's Today programme: "The armed forces made it quite clear that in their judgment it will have an adverse effect on morale, it will affect operational effectiveness.
"We back the service chiefs who believe that it will affect morale and effectiveness and therefore the ban should remain."
But Liberal Democrat foreign affairs and defence spokesman Menzies Campbell said the decision was a victory for civil liberties.
'Time to put things right'
He said: "The tragedy is that the British Government should have had to be dragged to Strasbourg at the taxpayers' expense.
"Good people have been humiliated and driven out of the services for no good reason. It is time to put this right."
Di Luping, the legal officer of civil rights group Liberty, who represented two of the complainants at the hearing, suggested the Pentagon may review its own ban on gays in the military in light of the decision.
Duncan Lustig-Prean, one of the four complainants who took the case to Strasbourg, said: "It has been a long hard slog but the court has been absolutely damning of the policy, in every way.
"It does mean an end to the ban and it means that people who are willing to serve loyally for the country, even to die for the country, can relax a little bit today."
But the Christian Institute's director, Colin Hart, condemned the decision, and pointed out research by the MoD which showed 90% of service personnel supported the ban.
'Breach of heterosexual privacy'
He said: "If the government simply ends the ban it will mean that heterosexual soldiers will be forced to sleep and shower with men who are sexually attracted to them.
"This would be an appalling breach of the privacy of heterosexual service personnel."
But Jeanette Smith, the only lesbian involved in the Strasbourg hearing, said: "I hope today's ruling means that gays in the armed forces do not have to lead a double life and can be judged on merit not on their sexual orientation."