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Last Updated: Monday, 8 December, 2003, 06:03 GMT
Study suggests drink-driving rife
Beer (generic)
Many people have a poor grasp of alcohol units and the law
Half of Britain's drivers and motorcyclists admit to drinking before driving, a survey has suggested.

One in three said they had driven after drinking two units of alcohol, and 10% had driven after drinking three.

One in 10 motorists admitted to drink-driving once a month or more often.

The survey, by road safety charity Brake for Green Flag Motoring Assistance, comes as the Christmas anti-drink drive campaign begins.

This year, the government is re-running a TV advert used earlier this year, showing a young female cyclist being involved in a crash with a drink-driver.

In the Brake survey, a quarter admitted to drink-driving even when they knew the alcohol was affecting their driving.

And 28% said that they had risked driving first thing in the morning after drinking a lot of alcohol the night before.

ALCOHOL CONTENT
Standard (175ml) glass of wine - 2 units
Large (250ml) glass of wine - 3 units
Pint of standard lager - 2.3 units
Pint of premium lager - 2.8 units
Pint of strong cider - 4.7 units
The survey also showed that motorists had a poor grasp of alcohol units and the law.

The legal drink-drive limit is 80mg per 100 millilitres of blood, but this cannot easily be translated into alcohol units as it can be affected by build, sex, whether food has been eaten, and a host of other factors.

Half of those questioned mistakenly thought that two 25 ml shots of vodka were more alcoholic than a pint of 5.8%-strength lager.

The real answer is that the lager is about three units, while the vodka is about two units.

Just over half wrongly thought it would take two or more units to affect their driving, while 8% reckoned it would take four or more units.

The real answer is that any amount of alcohol affects driving ability, and there is no safe limit.

'Lethal ignorance'

Many thought there was a relatively small chance of being caught drinking and driving.

Brake's chief executive Mary Williams said: "The war against drink-drivers has not been won. The findings highlight a lethal ignorance of drink-drive law and the effects of drink driving, and widespread levels of drink-driving.

"Drivers should never drink and drive - not even one."

UNDERSTANDING UNITS
It is no longer accurate to say one glass of wine is 1 unit
A large glass could easily be 3.25 units
A pint of strong 8% lager could easily be 4.5 units

Drink-drive deaths have fallen dramatically over the last 20 years, but have been edging up recently. There were an estimated 560 deaths in the UK last year - 6% more than in 2001.

Road Safety Minister David Jamieson said: "Drink-drivers are still killing people.

"If you are going out and enjoying yourself over Christmas, don't turn your night into a nightmare.

"Leave the car at home and, if you can't use public transport, designate a non-drinking driver. Remember that you could still be over the limit in the morning after a good night out."

The AA Motoring Trust called for similar campaigns all year round.

A spokesman said: "People know that drink-driving is an enforcement target at Christmas, but may not believe it is at other times of the year."

A Green Flag spokesman said: "Most drivers do behave responsibly and make other transport arrangements if they know they are going to drink, but there is still the hardcore who think they can take the risks that ultimately could end theirs or someone else's life."




WATCH AND LISTEN
The BBC's Sarah Morris
"There's still tremendous confusion about how much a unit of alcohol is"



SEE ALSO:
Public asked to tackle drink driving
01 Dec 03  |  Derbyshire
Police cocktails to tempt drivers
30 Sep 03  |  Oxfordshire
Lunchtime pint driving danger
20 Aug 03  |  Health
Reducing road carnage
26 Jun 03  |  England


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