Tuesday, May 26, 1998 Published at 22:35 GMT 23:35 UK
Emperor's 'deep pain' over WWII
Emperor Akihito of Japan has spoken of his "deep sorrow and pain" over the suffering inflicted during World War II, but did not apologise for his country's treatment of prisoners in work camps.
War veterans said that Emperor Akihito had not gone far enough and demanded a "real, meaningful apology."
Earlier, in a gesture of contempt, former prisoners of war turned their backs on Emperor Akihito and whistled the wartime anthem Colonel Bogey as he rode with the Queen in a Royal carriage down The Mall.
Under the post-war Japanese constitution, Emperor Akihito is a non-political figurehead and, as such, cannot formally apologise for the suffering inflicted by the Japanese imperial army.
'It truly saddens me'
But in the banquet speech on Tuesday, delivered in Japanese, he came close to saying sorry.
The Emperor said: "It truly saddens me, however, that the relationship so nurtured between our two countries should have been marred by the Second World War.
"The Empress and I can never forget the many kinds of suffering so many people have undergone because of that war.
"At the thought of the scars of war that they bear, our hearts are filled with deep sorrow and pain.
Issue will haunt Japan
"At the same time, may we express our profound respect and gratitude to those people who, despite such past sufferings, looking towards the future, have dedicated immeasurable efforts to the cause of friendship between our two countries."
But Martyn Day, solicitor for the veterans said the Emperor's remarks did not go far enough to stop the demonstrations and warned that the issue could still haunt the Japanese for many years to come.
Speaking before the speech, Mr Day conceded Emperor Akihito's expected remarks did take the situation a bit further.
"But I must say, I don't think it does anything like enough to stop the demonstrations.
"I think that unless the Japanese take the bull by the horns and say, right we're going to resolve this by a real meaningful apology and compensation, they will be haunted by it for many years to come."