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Last Updated: Monday, 22 October 2007, 13:20 GMT 14:20 UK
Abuse fight targets social sites
Rory Cellan-Jones
Technology correspondent, BBC News

CEOP icon, CEOP
The distinctive icon is already on some web services children use
Social networking sites are being urged to do more to protect young people.

The Child Exploitation and Online Protection centre (CEOP) wants the sites to install its "report abuse" button that connects people to police.

CEOP research shows some sex offenders are starting to use social network sites, such as MySpace, Bebo and Facebook, to seek out victims.

Jim Gamble, head of CEOP, says: "The more children go on social networks, the more offenders follow them."

Direct connection

The button lets people report instances when they suffer or witness inappropriate sexual contact. In August 2006 Microsoft agreed to put the distinctive red icon on the of its instant messenger service - MSN Messenger.

CEOP research shows that, while chatrooms and instant messaging services are the main places sex offenders go in search of victims, social networks are attracting them too.

Latest figures show that around one million children under 16 use Bebo, while 600,000 minors are on MySpace.

The networking sites say they make it simple for users to report abuse, though those reports usually go to the site administrators rather than the authorities.

Mr Gamble says that is not enough: "When you are talking about the public in jeopardy and vulnerable, they need to contact law enforcement as soon as possible."

The agency was set up in April 2006 and brings together the police, government departments and charities to combat child sex offenders.

In the US social network sites are under pressure from politicians who want them to do more to protect their most vulnerable users.

American law enforcement agencies are also seeking to make the social network sites introduce checks to prevent under-age users from coming to the sites and to keep sexual predators at bay.

All the networks make new users reveal their age when they sign up, but there is disagreement about whether any new system of age verification would be effective.

MySpace says anyone under 14 is banned from using its service.

A spokesman said: "MySpace has developed search methodology and algorithms to seek out underage users, relying on several thousand terms commonly used by under-age users to identify them and delete their profiles."

MySpace and other networks also scan profiles for clues that users are older than they claim to be.

In Britain the Home Office is preparing new guidelines for social networks. CEOP says it is also having useful discussions with the companies about improving safety.

At Greenford High School in West London students have made a film about social networking and its dangers, with scenarios illustrating how easily young people can be tricked.

It seems to have worked. All the pupils we spoke to said they would never accept anyone as a "friend" on Facebook or Bebo unless they knew them.



VIDEO AND AUDIO NEWS
Children explain how they use social networking sites



SEE ALSO
Chat users to report child abuse
23 Aug 06 |  Technology
MySpace to 'block sex offenders'
07 Dec 06 |  Technology
Pupils reminded of internet safety
20 Sep 06 |  Education
Virtual police for internet kids
20 Nov 06 |  Northern Ireland

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