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Last Updated: Wednesday, 19 April 2006, 10:22 GMT 11:22 UK
Next-generation DVD battle begins
Rival DVD format stands
The two DVD formats are battling for supremacy
The first HD DVD players and discs have gone on sale in the US.

The release marks the start of the format wars between the Toshiba-led HD DVD and the Sony-led Blu-ray systems.

The first Blu-ray discs are expected in late May, while the first players will be available in June.

Next-generation formats are able to store much more high-quality data, especially important for high-definition video.

Both technologies use a blue laser to write information. It has a shorter wavelength so more data can be stored.

A Blu-ray disc will eventually be able to store 50GB of high-quality data, while Toshiba's HD DVD will hold 30GB. A standard single-layer DVD holds just under 5GB.

The disc formats offer much better quality audio and video, while next-generation console games will have stunning graphics and will fit onto a single disc.

Format wars

The two rival systems have been battling to win support for their competing approaches from technology companies and Hollywood studios.

Toshiba, with NEC, Sanyo and others, is pushing HD DVD; while backers of Sony's Blu-ray discs include Samsung, Dell and Apple.

The HD DVD format was given a huge boost last year when technology giants Microsoft and Intel threw their considerable weight behind the standard.

Hollywood is also still split over the new formats. Companies like Disney and 20th Century Fox have sided with Sony, while the supporters of HD DVD include Universal.

Warner Bros and Viacom have said they will support both.

Sony PlayStation 3
Sony plans to use Blu-ray in the PlayStation 3
However, the format war, which has been likened to the Betamax-VHS fight in the 1980s, may ultimately be won in the games console market.

Gaming is a $20bn industry worldwide, so is as important as the film industry in terms of money to be made.

Games consoles also tend to drive early adoption of technology because hardcore gamers, keen to get their hands on the latest titles, are prepared to buy the latest technology.

It is estimated that Microsoft sold 20 million of its original Xbox console, while Sony has sold four times that amount of its Playstation 2. Both consoles brought DVD players into people's living rooms.

Sony's Playstation 3, which will be launched in November, will come with a Blu-ray drive as standard.

Owners of the Xbox 360, which is already available around the world, will have to buy a separate HD DVD drive when they become available.

Games giants, such as Electronic Arts and Vivendi, have both backed the Blu-ray format.

See the next generation DVD formats

Tech giants move on next-gen DVDs
27 Sep 05 |  Technology
Next gen DVD rivals fail to agree
23 Aug 05 |  Technology
Tech giants explore 'hybrid' DVDs
21 Apr 05 |  Technology
What high-definition will do to DVDs
31 Jan 05 |  Technology
Games win for Blu-ray DVD format
07 Jan 05 |  Technology

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