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Wednesday, 15 December, 1999, 10:36 GMT
Who can bring peace to Afghanistan?
Pakistan's new military leader has said he will co-operate with Iran to bring about a settlement between Afghanistan's warring parties. For many years, the two countries have backed opposing sides in the seemingly never-ending Afghan war.
UN-sponsored efforts to bring peace have never really made headway, and the international community seems to have little interest in the country now that the Cold War is over and the Soviet Union is no more.
Are outside powers to blame for Afghanistan's problems? Or are the country's ethnic and communal divisions simply too great to be overcome?
The only people that can bring peace to Afghanistan are well educated Afghans. What our country needs is a united council, made up of leaders from all the warring factions. The Russia and US have to be kept out of the equation. The USA and Russia in any situation does not equal peace. Afghanistan needs the help of other Muslim countries to help solve its own problems.
I must say Pakistan is not the only player in the Afghan conflict. Before it was Big Game between
Great Britain and Russian empire. Now it is a global conflict.
It is in US interests to keep open conflict in Afghanistan.
Limiting personal freedom IS a disaster. The South African government did this in the form of limiting the amount of Rand you could take out the country. With the Rand losing the value considerably in the last 5 years, this led many professionals frustrated that their hard work in a dangerous environment has gone relatively unpaid in a western world arena.
Prasad Kothare, India
Only Afghanistan's leaders and opposing factions can bring peace in their country. The key to peace lies with the Pakistan/Iran/Saudi Arabia/USA and UNO if they leave and let the Afghans themselves find the solution of their own problems and to find common ground on their differences.
We are a very unique and proud people. Throughout history we have never accepted foreign rule and I we never will. Unfortunately foreigners know too well how to exploit the differences between us and manipulate us. You have to ask yourself who is fuelling the factional fire in Afghanistan?
I hope that one day we come to our senses and I very much hope to see a united and prosperous Afghanistan.
The Afghans should wake up and realise that the world is moving forward and they are moving back in time.
The Taleban leaders are just hypocrites, no religion preaches hate and wants its followers to suffer.
Taleban has brought nothing but suffering to the poor people of Afghanistan. Unless and until the people of Afghanistan realise
that Pakistan and other countries are using them for their benefit, the situation will never change. The people have to realise that humanity comes first then religion.
If they do not realise, then the developed countries should take over the country and build a new nation.
Daud Sharif, US
The Russians should get together with the honourable M. Shah Massoud and invade again and do a better job this time. Who needs the Taleban? They're only there because of their violence and Pakistani support. They bring noting to the people and have to be got rid of. Then the Russians and Indians should attack Pakistan from two sides and get rid of this country spreading terrorism. The territory can go to India to whom it used to belong. Then India should enter in a voluntary union with Russia and become another soviet republic.
The people of Afghanistan have been suffering for a long time. Every war has an end, but it should happen before anybody is left alive there. Someone should remind the US and Russia to clean up the mess they left in Afghanistan.
The oppressive Taleban wish to impose a doctrine more dreadful than the Nazis upon their people. We had a world war over the latter, and I believe that peace at any cost would be a betrayal of the ordinary Afghan.
Peace in Afghanistan is merely an illusion and non-but Afghans themselves can bring about true peace. Any foreign nation even with the good intentions cannot implement their understanding of what is good for Afghans. Even if they do have good intentions still they have themselves to think about. Iran, Pakistan, USA, Russia and any of these nations are only interested for themselves. No one ever cared about Afghans. Never. USA and Soviet Union in particular turned Afghanistan into a gameboard. Two million Afghans lost their lives for what? So Soviet Union could be "consumed"?
It is said that half knowledge is much more dangerous than no knowledge ........ many of the reporting agencies do not seem to understand the Afghan culture. It is a culture that firmly believes in the concept of the "victor and the vanquished". There can be no peace in Afghanistan until a single party emerges as the clear winner of the conflict. The Taleban are close to achieving this goal, and given time they will succeed.
The Taleban is destroying Afghanistan. They are so bad that even the Iranian Hullahs are not supporting them. It is certain that the Taleban brought Afghanistan back to the Stone Age. I think Iran and Pakistan should take care of their own problems and let Afghanis and the UN to resolve this matter.
Srinivas Rangaraj, Canada
Only true democracy can bring peace in Afganistan and only Afgans can do that.
The Afgans should realise that should sit down together and chalk out a plan, with the help of the UN.
All that the Afgans need is a Mahatma Gandhi.
Peace can only come to Afghanistan when
the primitivist and interventionist regime
in Saudi Arabia stops using its proxies
like Pakistan and others to spread
its false and retrograde notions of Islam
thoughout the world for its own cynical
In this manner funding would be cut
to extremist and belligerent groups
like the Taliban and more reasonable
groupings would rise to the occaision.
On the whole, only the Afghans can bring peace to Afghanistan. Although the Afghans are divided and weak, they have to find a solution to their political and social problems. Afghanistan suffered greatly, partly because of Soviet aggression of 1979, partly because our neighbours have imperial and other wicked designs, and partly because we have failed to recognise our national interest. Finally, I do believe that it is primarily the Afghans' responsibility to get our act together, yet I also think that the international community also can play a positive role in ending this vicious and senseless civil war.
The key to peace lies with the leaders of Afghanistan's opposing factions. The Pakistanis and Iranians should convince the Afghan leaders to reach common ground on their differences. Pakistan is suffering economically today because of the 3.5 million refugees from the war torn region, and the Pakistani people are as fed up with the flow of arms and munitions from across the border as are the Iranians with the drug trade.
Pakistan can if it wishes. But to implement this wish they need to sacrifice their vested interests like dollars and military bases. Last but not the least they have to silence the Islamic clergies in their own country. This would indeed be a tough task for Gen. Musharraf. If, he accomplishes this, he would be in the history of being the best dictator.
Nobody can bring real peace to Afghanistan. At best the tide is turned slightly if Pakistan stops supporting their favourite fanatics and Iran theirs.
Pakistan has done its part-and suffered more than its fair share-in trying to bring peace to a country that seems to sink more deeply into the medieval era with every passing moment. The Pakistani people have paid a heavy cost for Islamabad's interest in Afghan issues since the Soviet occupation. The "kalashinkov culture," fundamentalism, and drugs that have become the primary problems of contemporary Pakistan can all be traced to its involvement in Afghanistan. Not to mention the burden of providing asylum to millions of Afghan refugees. For its part, Pakistan should realise that, as long as the Taleban control Kabul there will be no long-lasting peace in Afghanistan. Or within Pakistan.
The Taleban are the only one who can bring real peace to Afghanistan. The Taleban should quickly get rid of the forces that are fighting against them. You have to see the Talebans are the only one who can unite all of Afghanistan.
Only the Afghanis themselves. Ask any Soviet officer who served in Afghanistan in 1979-1989, and he would say they had no idea why they were sent there and how the conflict could be resolved. No third party, even the best-learned, intelligent and neutral can bring peace.
It is true that only the Afghan can bring peace in Afghanistan. The world has seen it that previous governments were unable to bring peace in Afghanistan. Taleban has done a superb job in bringing peace to Afghanistan. They have saved their country from disintegration.
Intervention by third parties have historically always been in
self-interest, but the official version is always claiming altruism.
Thus the interesting question is: Will the priesthood of Iran and the
new Pakistani coupmakers profit most from war or peace in Afghanistan?
Pakistan can bring temporary peace to Afganistan maybe but not lasting. If they wish to bring peace to Afganistan they must get rid of all te radical their. Their number one policy should be to get rid of the Taliban. But right now if we wish to make peace with them we must work with them.
Pakistan has done its part-and suffered more than its fair share in trying to bring peace to a country that seems to sink more deeply into the medieval era with every passing moment. The Pakistani people have paid a heavy cost for Islamabad's interest in Afghan issues since the Soviet occupation. The "kalashinkov culture," fundamentalism, and drugs that have become the primary problems of contemporary Pakistan can all be traced to its involvement in Afghanistan. Not to mention the burden of providing asylum to millions of Afghan refugees. For its part, Pakistan should realise that as long as the Taleban control Kabul, there will be no long-lasting peace in Afghanistan. Or within Pakistan.
The current quagmire and civil war in Afghanistan probably has a historic dimension that has been exploited excessively by the governments of Pakistan and Iran as well as any one with enough vested interest to worth their while. The parables of present crisis could be observed in myriad of cases that are the consequence of the legacy of colonialsim as well as intra-mural strife. It is up to the people of Afghanistan to make their own peace rather than rely on foreigners who naturally and under any circumstance would sue their own pursuits, and after all the ground reality is the fact that they are the one's who lending their demons to the service of their antagonists.
I believe that UN needs to get directly associated with either Iran or Pakistan. The West needs to get directly involved in the quandry.
Bringing peace to Afghanistan is now a daunting task. This is due to several factors unique to that area, including its geography, historical background, tribal society,no resources, prolong conflict with its material and human cost, a whole generation grown up only knowing how to fight and conflicting interests of all the neighbours particularly Pakistan and Iran. Only Afghans themselves one day have to realise that time has come to wake up from this nightmare and bring peace to their beloved homeland. Indeed a difficult task but hope is the little flicking light no matter how weak that we are counting on.
A casual study of the history of that area says that no one will be able to bring lasting peace to the region.
The Afghans have suffered enough at the hands of outside powers seeking to impose their own order upon them. What the people of Afghanistan need is the freedom to choose their future for themselves, unmolested by the interests of neighbouring powers.
Afghanistan, the country broken-down on the rack of "super-power rivalry", is still struggling to get out of the mess, created by the former Soviet Union and the United States. It will be in the interest
of Iran and Pakistan to demonstrate courage and wisdom, and bring a permanent settlement to the
conflict in a desperate region.
This is a story of a generation that has suffered for the last 21 years. They have not been given the chance to live a normal life since the Russian invasion. By the time they got the freedom, their next generation was already prepared for the war for another ten years because that was the only thing they learned.
Why is the world making fun of themselves and others? Why they are tricking Afghan people and themselves? My question is how Pakistan or Iran will bring peace to Afghanistan, these two countries are the main sources that led the afghan war with their own interests.
The interference by outsiders is the main reason for the continuous saga of Afghanistan. The internal reactionary forces are surely guilty of accommodating the outsiders. With the total collapse and dissolution of all civil and military institutions, a chaotic situation prevails throughout the country, with no functional government in charge.
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