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Monday, 4 June, 2001, 07:25 GMT 08:25 UK
Are settlements the main obstacle to peace?
A US-led international commission has called for an "immediate and unconditional" end to months of violence in Israel and the Palestinian territories.
The commission's long-awaited report was unveiled in New York by former US Senator George Mitchell.
One of its central recommendations is for a total freeze on Jewish settlements in Palestinian areas - something already rejected by Israel.
Are settlements the main obstacle to resuming peace negotiations? Can a compromise ever be reached on settlements?
This debate is now closed. Read a selection of your comments below.
Gergey Pasztor, Germany
It is clear that the only chance of peace in Israel/ Palestine is for the world community to intervene, impose a settlement and enforce such a settlement with peace-keeping troops and sanctions as in the former Yugoslavia. The onus is on the UN to prevent another generation of innocent Israeli and Palestinian children from being indoctrinated into violence and falling victim to such violence.
Settlements are a classic demonstration of the influence of a right-wing Jewish element in Israeli society.
The puritan attitude of this small group (only 10% of Jews are orthodox) is leading to the friction between those two sides who lived peacefully under Islamic rule for well over a thousand years.
Settlements are little more than a drop in the ocean as far as obstacles are concerned. The problem is that whenever the West has involved itself with Palestine, it has caused bloodshed and widespread suffering. Look at the past; the Romans and how they treated the Jews, the crusaders and how they massacred civilians and finally the British and the Americans who are exerting their influence over this land hit by war and chaos.
Jay Schneider, USA
Someone commented earlier, "Israel is a very small country which was created by the West and by force, against the will of the native owners of the land which is and always has been called Palestine." Arabs are not the native owners of Israel - the Jews are! Israel was not created by force, but by UN Resolution, in a democratic vote. The Arabs, who claim UN resolutions should be obeyed, defied this particular UN resolution, and waged a war on this tiny state, and I mean tiny. Third, the Roman Empire called Israel 'Palestine', after they exiled the rightful owners of the land - the Jews. This was to punish the Jews who fought for independence, and demanded the right to practice their belief in one god, against the pagan and decadent Romans!
How can the World accept that there are a people called Palestinians and there is no country called Palestine? Stolen plots of land in the Palestinian territory (aka Settlements) were introduced by Israelis for two purposes: to hinder the liberation of Palestine and to humiliate the Palestinian people. I beg anyone who wishes to express an opinion on this to visit the Palestinian territories and to see the plots of land that the Jews have confiscated. They are placed in such a way as to prevent the liberation of Palestine. They block natural connections between cities and they occupy the best land. I agree that settlements are not the only issue hindering the peace process; for there are many other injustices that the Palestinians are suffering. Nevertheless, this issue has to be tackled first because their presence is a guarantee of eternal conflict in the Middle East.
Joan Lisa, USA
If the US and Europe stop being so hypocitical and start using the UN resolutions as the basis of dealing with both the Palestinians and Israelis alike, the situation in that region will definitely improve. For how long are the Palestinians going to be blamed for the misery that
is imposed on them? Such international ignorance is leaving the Palestinians with few options.
Anne Cutts, Argentina
The solution to the Middle East crisis is simple. Both sides to abide by international law; the Geneva Convention; the UN Charter; and obey all UN resolutions. All civilised, non-rogue states should find these principals easy to follow. Unfortunately, one party in the Middle East steadfastly, and openly, refuses to abide by any of these principals, and when the UN tries to act to force compliance, the USA vetoes the action. How long can these double-standards be allowed to continued?
There are so many multi-cultural societies around the world, the largest majority of which live in harmony. What is the problem there? What the leaders decide is irrelevant to peace in the region. The rot lies in the reactionary, violent, emotionally unstable, thoughtless actions of both sides. While both sides claim to be hard done by for whatever reason, the inbred intense hatred and xenophobia of the adult population is seen in the conduct of their children. It is sad to see so many children whose boundless potential has apparently already been irreversibly restricted and stained by their role models.
The Israeli government officials (e.g. Begin, Barak) have compromised themselves in an effort to gain votes and acceptance from the orthodox and ultra religious to the point where they compromised the stability for peace in the West Bank. Enough with the Jewish settlement building and confiscation of land. The ultra religious on both sides are responsible for the confrontation by not compromising.
The only acceptable way towards a solution is the end of occupation and a return to 1967 borders. It took the world, including Israel, 50 years to have the Palestinians accept the reality of the existence of Israel. Now we find ourselves asked to accept the settlements etc, etc. What next?
I think both sides are ignoring a fundamental concept "respect for human life". They should put people first, step back and think for a second, what is this war all about? If they do not want their children, their wives, brothers and sisters to be killed, then the leaders should give the same respect to other human lives. Believe me, if these leaders wake up one day to find their loved ones all killed, then they will think about peace. But because other people are being killed, they do not feel the pain of losing a son, wife, mother etc. They should think about the people they govern and not their egos and masculine images.
Israel is a very small country which was created by the West and by force, against the will of the native owners of the land which is and always been called Palestine. They live in the heart of the Arab and Islamic world. For Israel to continue to function they will either have to make peace with the rest of the Arabic and Islamic region or forever be the enemy for generations to come. In its small, bloody history, it didn't achieve anything but misery and pain to every Jew from around the world that thought they finally had a homeland. I strongly believe that time has never been and will never be on their side as long as they maintain their current path. Violence will only breed violence and the tide of power in that region will eventually turn - it might be too late then.
There are lots of obstacles in the Palestinian issue, settlement is only one of them. In my opinion American-led peace negotiation cannot be maintained any more. A more comprehensive commission should be established according to international law. Moreover, Palestine and Israel have to sit at the peace table with equal rights and conditions.
Majed Alyahya, Illinois, USA
The only obstacle to peace is Yasser Arafat and his inability to stop his people's violence and return to the negotiating table. Pro- Palestinian supporters claim that the main obstacle is the settlements, Israelis claim that the fact that they cannot walk in their streets or drive on the roads is the main obstacle. These are all points that need to be negotiated and worked out. Mr. Arafat has to prove that he is really interested in peace and try to find a fair and reasonable solution. Israelis do not walk into Arab towns and blow themselves up, they do not shoot Palestinians driving on their roads, and they do not send their young children to the front lines to gain media attention. No more games, Mr. Arafat - these tactics are only turning the world against you, as you show the inhumane side of the Palestinian people. If you are really interested in peace, you will stop blocking it and start negotiating.
Settlements in someone else's land are illegal and unjust. Arabs and Israelis differ culturally and religiously, therefore, they can't co-exist in same town. The only way to achieve peace is to stop settlements and give full independence to the West Bank and Gaza and have barbed wire borders. Arabs can't trust Jews . A wall similar to Germany's wall must be created to achieve lasting peace.
Tomer Schwartz, Israel (currently - UK)
International laws are there for the protection of Israel as well as Palestine. If Israel does not respect the rule of law then she must not complain when rogue nations break international law as well.
Settlements, holy places, reprisals etc are immaterial. When you have occupation of one land by another people then you will always have violence. When this is against the will of the United Nations, international law and morals, but supported by the Jewish lobby in America, then NO progress will ever be made. Ultimately the Jews wish to annihilate the Palestinians. Stop sending both of them money and weapons and enforce international law on them both. Then sanction Britain for causing the problem in the first place and America for keeping it going for over 50 years.
Reza Hashemi, Denmark
Unbelievable that the world is suddenly focusing
on the settlements as THE reason for the violence.
As far as Arafat is concerned the whole of Israel is
a settlement and his aim is not peace but
more and more concession by Israel through terror.
Camp David was his chance to prove himself as a partner
for peace - he failed. Israelis voted for peace with
Barak and all they received as an answer was
violence. The world should understand that issues
such as settlements are just another attempt by Arafat
to legitimise his terror and nothing else.
A sad truth but one that the Israelis had to wake
up to and the world needs to too.
Jonathon Westley, Manchester, UK
Sickening: this is the word I use to describe the Palestinian situation. Israel must stop its settlement policy and stop preaching about the "rights" of the Palestinians while the latter are still under Jewish occupation.
One would wonder whether people who constantly remind the rest of the world about the horrors of the holocaust really have the moral high ground to act as they do against the Palestinians, regardless of the reasons or justifications. After all, Palestinians were there first. Israel, shame on you!
Just as there are Arab towns in Israel, surely there can be Israeli settlements in Palestine. The settlements issue is the latest Palestinian excuse for continuing hostility (along with right of return and flag over Jerusalem, Sharon visit, Holy Jihad). Anything to avoid compromise and confuse cause with effect. Pity on them.
As a former supporter of Israel I feel shame, disgust and betrayal. I would have never supported the country if I knew that with my money they were building settlements on illegally occupied land.
The settlements might not be the main obstacle to peace and stability in the region but they are certainly a major source of the conflict. It is hard to imagine that the Israelis are talking about peace whilst never committing to the elements of peace.
The issue of Israeli settlements as an obstacle to peace is a red herring, for several reasons. 1) These settlements do not impinge or inhibit the development of Arab towns and villages and are built on either previously empty land or land legally purchased from previous Arabs landowners. This is extensively documented and expansion of settlement lands is subject to strict control by the Israeli legal system. 2) Palestinians leaders have from the beginning of the conflict claimed that Israel, in its entirety is illegal and that the right of return applies to the whole of Israel.
For Mr. Arafat, Tel-Aviv is also a settlement! Therefore the so-called settlement issue is at best a stepping stone in the Palestinian strategy. Indeed at the Camp David talks Mr. Arafat was offered at impressive list of settlements in return or peace but wholly rejected the idea. This clearly indicates that the settlements, while being an interesting media issue, are not the core of the problem.
I think that the Mitchell report is the only platform right now that could help both sides to move to the right direction, and to stop expanding settlements or establishing new ones is one of Mitchell's recommendations. But the settlements are not the only obstacle to peace. Terrorism against Israel is another, and Israel has legitimate security interests.
As long as Israel ignores the settlement issue, and as long as the
Palestinian authorities are unable or unwilling to stop terrorism, there
will be no progress. But even if the settlements expand further,
this would not be an irreversible trend. They are only one out of many issues. As more and more time is lost, a U-turn in Israel's settlement policy will become
more difficult, but would still be possible.
Doron Mason, Israel (previously England)
I wonder what is the meaning of the word peace to people these days? Everyone is uttering "peace in the Middle East" and how can we achieve peace and so on.
If peace means living under an occupation that does not know the meaning of humanity then who needs peace!
I challenge any Westerner to visit what they call Israel today and then the West Bank and then decide who is the oppressor and who is the oppressed, who is the terrorist and who is the victim.
The issue of settlements is only one of a long list of violations against humanity that Israel carries against the Palestinian people everyday.
Amazing how Arafat has managed to defer world attention from his initiation of the Intifada to suddenly "the settlements" and you all seem to buy into it. Before the first Intifada the settlements were not a problem at all and in fact there was commerce and trade between Jewish and Arab-Palestinian residents of the territories. Israel is the only local source of income for the Palestinians.
Arafat has cut his own people off from work by his policies. What country in the world would willingly open the borders to workers who are now part of such a suspect "enemy"? And how sad. We know Palestinians and have worked with them. They live in very difficult conditions - but prior to all this made-up Intifada they had income and work and a hope for the future. Now Arafat has ruined that for them, and he has also squandered European funding. Settlements are not the issue here.
I agree with Chris/Israel. Until I met people who have lived in the horror of the West Bank, Gaza and Palestinian refugee camps and in Israel, I would not have imagined that the Israeli government could do what they continue to do.
The Palestinians want to be treated like human beings, have equal rights, be able to go to work and provide for their families and live a simple life. And, by the way, it wasn't just the Palestinian Authority that has misappropriated funds, the Israeli government has been withholding/controlling funds collected by different countries to assist in the Palestinian economy. Would you like someone doing that to you?
Israel claims that the violence would stop in one hour if the Palestinians stopped. But what does that mean? If bulldozers level your home and destroy the olive grove your family has tended for two hundred years, is that not violence? If soldiers, at gunpoint, stop you from harvesting your crop, and it rots in the fields, is that not violence ?
If teenage settler gunmen loot and burn your store under the protection of watching soldiers, is that not violence? That is the violence of Israeli occupation, and it has been going on for 30 years.
Dmitriy, USA, formerly Russia
The main cause of the current violence is misappropriated funds by a corrupt Palestinian authority that were supposed to be
routed to the Palestinian people.
These funds were to be used for food, shelter,
resources... The Palestinian people would
have been relieved of many of the stresses
that disturb them today. Who knows what
reason the Palestinian Authority has to
pervert these funds. One wonders?!!
To accuse Israel of "not learning from its history" is not fair. Israel's retaliations are harsh, but they are aimed at weakening the people attacking its citizens. The suffering of innocent Palestinians is due to the roadblocks, which have stopped Palestinian workers from entering Israel. Israel's economy needs these workers, but the risk of a suicide bombing is much greater when the barriers are down. The Nazis used gas to exterminate human beings because of what they were. Israel is fighting a war, it is not exterminating a people.
My support for Israel was steadfast until Ariel Sharon supervised the mass murder of hundreds of refugees in Sabra/Shatela camps, Lebanon. Israel wants to hold on to land based on a 2000-year-old claim. Israel must withdraw under international law to its internationally recognized borders, leaving its settlements intact as reparation. The world economy will be plunged into recession if not. Here in the US our government has a different set of standards from the rest of us. Serbian land claims were 500 years old, and illegal as well. The Arab armies were all defeated. What's left is the land and the Palestinians.
The main obstacle to peace is not only the existence of settlements on occupied land but also Israel's occupation of Palestine and its aggressive and racist policies toward the Palestinians.
Ken Bhandary, USA
The violence is about the Arab and Muslim desire to destroy Israel. That is all it is about. Not settlements, not Sharon's visit to the Jewish Holy Mount, not anything else. When Israel was in South Lebanon, the Arabs said all the violence was because of Israel's occupation. Israel left, the violence got worse.
It's all very well to spout platitudes about stopping the violence (as if it was so easy) and "peaceful co-existence"; I can't help wondering how many of these contributors have been summarily evicted from their homes and land without justification or even so much as a moment's notice. How many have had friends and relatives bombed, shot to death or flattened by a tank? Of course, neither side is free from blame - but, as the most powerful party (as testified to by the overwhelmingly greater Palestinian death toll) Israel must hold the greater responsibility.
The fact is that there are a significant number of young Palestinians who are willing to blow themselves up in order to kill as many Israelis as possible. Until Israel truly understands this and addresses the reasons behind it, there can never be peace.
Gilbert Thierry Houalla, UK
No-one can condone the violence on both sides. However, if Israel continues to allow the settlements to grow, the world can only expect it to escalate even further.
Settlements are not the real problem, nor international duplicity, terrorism or water supplies. It is the age-old problem of the bloated sense of self importance which always seems to infect anyone who finds themselves 'representing' their country. The will of the very few hardliners is dragging the fervent desire for peaceful coexistence harboured by the vast majority of Palestinians and Israelis towards oblivion. International conflicts have always been about the egos and ideologies of the ruling class, not the needs of their citizens.
Yes the settlements are the main obstacle to peace. The declaration of a willingness to abandon them would transform the situation.
Such a declaration would mean that Israel would have accepted the need to negotiate without at the same time using the settlements as a means of maintaining complete military domination of the Palestinian territories.
Marten King, Portland, OR, USA
The conflict between Israel and Palestinians can be likened to that between a bully and a brat. Israel with its highhanded aggression and the Palestinians with their sneaky retaliation.
It's time both parties behaved like adults, showed restraint and worked towards a compromise. Fingerpointing and blame-placing will not lead anywhere. Instead move forward and try to make this world a better place for your children.
The only time two fanatical parties so polarised in their views will reach a compromise is when they both become so sick and weary of the fighting and the blood that they realise that life is more important than principle. I fear we will have to see an awful lot more blood spilt before the Israeli and Palestinian fanatics grow weary.
Both sides are to blame. Israel is violating
international law in its treatment of the
Palestinians. The settlements must go and
the right of return must be negotiated. On
the other hand, the Palestinians and the
Arab states must learn to coexist with the
state of Israel.
We in the US don't even know what role the
settlements are playing. I wonder why that is?
One common mistake made by many is to assume that no matter what, Israel's military superiority will always prevail. This is true but in the next decade or so, it is self-evident that if the conflict is not properly settled, many more countries in the region will be compelled to go nuclear and, indeed, will have nuclear bombs (refer to the case of Pakistan, India, North Korea, France or even Israel). At this point, with all its military superiority, Israel will be forced to tune down its bullying behaviour.
So, the real options are either an acceptable peace now or a prolonged cold war climate in the region. I do believe that peace now is the more sensible option because what is the point for Israel to risk its higher bargaining power and for the Palestinians to lose so many lives when peace is the inevitable outcome?
The settlements are not an obstacle to peace - if the Palestinians wanted peace, as they piously claim, they could have it tomorrow. The Israelis did not start the violence, and are simply defending themselves in the best way possible under the circumstances. The settlements are not an obstacle to peace - they are an excuse. The Palestinians do not only want the dismantling of the settlements in the West Bank and Gaza, but the dismantling of all the cities in the pre-1967 borders as well - they consider the existence of Israel to be an illegal settlement, and have said so many times.
They are using the settlement issue as an excuse for international pressure, just as they tried using putting their children in the line of fire and hiding behind them, as a pawn for international pressure. The Palestinians are simply using every excuse they can to line up international pressure, and if they don't succeed with the use of the settlements, they will try something else. If the Palestinians wanted peace, they would sit down and peacefully negotiate, and make the difficult compromises.
If the Palestinians and the Israelis approach this days news the way this discussion group has, there will be no peace. Forget about the issues that started this latest bout of violence. Stop the violence and then address the issues. It's simple and that's the key. The solution is not going to be found quickly, but the solution will never be found as long as the violence continues.
We must use lessons from our past, to avoid future suffering. Winds of favourable change are blowing all over the world: the time of a concerted peace initiative has come. Israel should stop looking at furthering settlements as a show of strength/determination. They can use its stoppage to convey a message of reconciliation.
The settlements are really a symptom rather than a cause of the conflict. Closing them down will certainly advance what little hope of peace there is, but Israel well knows that, ultimately, they must withdraw to pre-1967 borders, and address the issues of the refugees and water supplies if they want their country to be viable in the future. The alternative for Israel is perpetual conflict and suffering, which surely the Jewish people must be tired of, given their tragic history. One day the US will not be as ready to leap to Israel's defence, if they have not resolved these matters by that time, their eventual demise is assured (that or they will consign the region to nuclear oblivion)
I think that this report is not entirely correct at all. The main obstacle to peace is the Palestinian authority backing terrorist groups such as Hamas who carried out last week's terrorist bomb in Netanya. If the PLO would start to control its people all of this could end very soon.
Settlements are undoubtedly an obstacle to peace negotiations, however, the double standards of the United States' is the main obstacle. I don't quiet understand how any thinking man would believe that the U.S. would want to mediate any peace and want to offer the Palestinians peace when it is the US that funds Israeli military projects and provides them with the military equipment used against the Palestinians.
A compromise on settlements will never be reached!
Yes indeed the settlements are a problem, but let's first address a problem of Palestinian
violence and suicide bombers operating out of their territory, because it is that terrorism which
contributes to the rising death toll and not the presence of Jewish settlements in the West Bank
Why is the point of all these troubles always missed? Until the problems and injustices are really dealt with and answered reasonably, how can we have peace? Perhaps the only answer would be something like the truth and reconciliation tribunals set up in South Africa. There is a problem, there is discrimination, and I defy anyone to say that having to live as people do in the West Bank and have done for years, is ok. Is it ok not to have any control over your own water supply, your own electricity supply, access to your workplace?
Having met people who live, unable to work, having to draw water from wells, having to make charcoal to try to buy flour and having to provide everything else by their own ingenuity, I
wonder what century we are living in! It is so easy to blame the Palestinian authoritities when you don't know what circumstances they have to bear. When all which is vital to your citizens and your economy is controlled by a
neighbouring unfriendly state, do you not think that unrest is inevitable?
Duncan H, England
I am pretty amused by all this idiocy going around these discussions. First, Israel got all these territories by defending itself and winning against the war against the overwhelming Arab forces. Maybe we should ask Poland, Russia, etc. to give back their land to Germany that they took after World War II. Second, Sabra and Shatila was the work of Christian Lebanese and not the Israeli forces. Third, I would like to see how you all would react if somebody in your wonderful country will be blowing up school buses, malls, and shelling your houses on the level proportionate to that of Israel. Forth, I am still waiting to hear in the news something like: "in retaliation to Israeli attack on civilians" or see Israeli teenagers throwing stones at Palestinian soldiers with Israeli army hiding behind their backs.
The US government has jealously maintained its exclusive jurisdiction to mediate Middle East peace for over 20 years but has evidently failed dramatically in its self appointed mission. It is time for another major power such as the European Union to play the mediation role.
The brutal occupation of the Palestinian people and the illegal building of settlements are the main obstacles to peace in the Middle East. The Western countries continue to tolerate (or in the case of the US actively support) the use of brute force by Israel in the occupied territories, something they will never accept in any other part of the world (unless of course they themselves are the occupiers). This blatant double standard is the primary obstacle to peace and justice in the Middle East.
I don't think the settlements are the main obstacle to peace in the Middle East, rather its the suicide attacks on innocent Israeli civilians by Hamas and Arafat's unwillingness to stop them are the real main obstacles for peace in the Middle East, also keeping in mind that Israeli retaliations for such attacks are quiet natural. Instead of planning to humiliate and destroy Israel the Palestinians should plan for a peaceful co-existence with Israel by achieving peace at the earliest by non-violent means. The millions donated to them by the U.S., the European Union and the world community should rather be used for the development and uplifting of the Palestinian population rather than for buying or smuggling of more weapons for attacks against Israelis and training Palestinians youths to become suicide bombers.
The Palestinians are carrying out small-scale terrorism. The Israelis on the other hand are carrying out large scale state-sponsored terrorism. The only way to stop the violence is for both sides to compromise. People will have to swallow their pride and their hatred, or continue to pay for it with the lives of their children.
Everyone sees who is the powerful, everyone sees who uproots the olive trees, and everyone sees who expands settlements. None but the naive believe that Israel is the victim...
Peace in the Middle East will only happen when the American people wrest control of their own national government from the control Israel's Likud Party has over Washington. It is sheer hypocrisy to hear the call from the U.S. that the expansion of settlements should cease when it is our government and the "Israel First" supporters here in the US which is funding these expansions.
It is ironic indeed that Likud has only held office in Israel with shaky coalitions but can easily muster overwhelming support in the U.S. Congress to the tune of over 90 per cent.
The Palestinians want land for peace. The Israelis want to sacrifice peace for land - I don't really see a compromise.
In response to Phil Davies' comments -outrages haven't only been carried out by the Palestinians, but also by the Israelis as well (remember Saba and Shatilla?)-I don't really see why Palestinians shouldn't have a right to retaliate to Israeli aggressions.
Phil Davies, UK
Clearly they are not the main obstacles to the peace negotiations, the question of Jerusalem is a matter of grave concern. The fact is that there are too many issues, all very important to solve. However there can be no real compromise on settlements, and ever since Resolution 242 was passed, Israel has been breaching International Law. As radical as it may seem, it would appear that legally Israel should scrap all settlements, but there is no doubt that Israel should definitely freeze expansion of them.
I thought that collective punishment was banned under the Geneva Convention? Regardless of the fact that the suicide bombers aren't affiliated with Arafat the Israeli government keep blaming him for the attacks as if he can stop them any more than they can.
What will it take for the western world to condemn this savagery? I deplore the terrorism of extreme Palestinian groups. But how is Israeli state violence containing it? Is it not creating more suicide bombers?
The settlements are indeed a key impediment to achieving peace, but to focus exclusively on this issue, without addressing the failures and deficiencies of leadership in Arafat and the Palestinian Authority, would be simplistic and erroneous.
The Israelis need to summon the courage to completely close down their settlements. This will enable Israel to reclaim some of the moral high ground it has clearly lost recently and then be in a position to challenge Arafat and the Palestinian Authority to cease from inciting their people to violence and to cease their not-so-subtle anti-semitic attacks in their media.
The only obstacle to peace is the Palestinians' unwillingness to reach compromise with the Israelis. They were offered a state, dismantling of the settlements, right of return for refugee's and east Jerusalem as their capital. They instead chose this conflict and they are now having to digest their own medicine that they have handed out.
Imagine the Saxons or Normans returning right now to the UK, demanding half of the country, throwing the current residents (namely us) off our land, out of our jobs and homes, occupying them themselves, then deciding this isn't enough, they want more, so occupying (by force) areas of Wales and Scotland as well. Maybe I understand how the Palestinians feel. Even the Israelis must understand that at some point, their 'settlements' will have gone too far and they will simply have to make do with what they were given in 1947, not with what they can take in 2001. I dare the UN, USA and UK to stop this ethnic cleansing.
Tom O'D, UK
I hate to have to voice what I feel are everyone's thoughts... "Will nothing short of an all-out war put an end to the squabbling in the Middle East? Haven't we learnt ANYTHING from history?
18 May 01 | Middle East
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14 May 01 | Middle East
The Mitchell report
06 May 01 | Middle East
Israel sticks to settlement policy
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