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Thursday, 25 May, 2000, 15:31 GMT 16:31 UK
The Malik affair: A timeline
Salim Malik batting
Salim Mailk: Five years of controversy
BBC Sport Online takes a closer look at how former Pakistan captain Salim Malik became embroiled in scandal - and the five years it has taken to get to the stage of punishing him.

The recommendation of life bans for Salim Malik and Ata-ur-Rehman followed a lengthy process of claim, counter-claim and inquiry.

Malik drama: The participants
Central character: Salim Malik
Co-stars: Ijaz Ahmed, Wasim Akram and a host of other players
The accusers: Shane Warne, Tim May and Steve Waugh
The judge: Justice Malik Qayyum
International Cricket Council (ICC)
Pakistan Cricket Board (PCB)
Australian Cricket Board (ACB)
Justice Malik Qayyum also imposed fines on six other Pakistani Test stars for failing to co-operate with his inquiry.

This is how Malik's career began to unravel, shortly after he was appointed as national team captain in 1993.

  • 1993-5:
    Some of the matches investigated by Justice Qayyum take place in New Zealand, Sri Lanka and South Africa.

    But most attention will eventually be centred on the 1994 home series against Australia.

    Pakistan won the first Test in Karachi, a match which would become one of the most infamous in cricket history in the years to come.

    Then, in Rawalpindi, Malik made the highest Test score of a distinguished career, 237, as the final two Tests of the series were drawn to leave the home side 1-0 series winners.

  • Feb 1995:
    Tim May, Shane Warne and Mark Waugh make the first allegations against Malik.
    Wicket-keeper Rashid Latif
    Rashid Latif: Resigned from team

    They say he offered them bribes to throw the Karachi Test the previous September.

    Malik rejects the allegations but two members of his team resign, including vice-captain Rashid Latif.

  • Apr 1995:
    As the ICC and the Pakistani legal authorities investigate the allegations, the three Australian accusers sign sworn statements.

  • Oct 1995:
    Malik is cleared by the Pakistan supreme court due to confusion over the evidence offered by May and Warne.

    The Australians refuse to appear - a stance backed by the ACB, who reject the supreme court's findings.

  • Nov 1995:
    The ICC reject any further investigation, leaving the matter to the PCB.

    Their stance is to distance themselves from their own country's court ruling while insisting there is no need for an independent inquiry on neutral territory.

  • 1996-97:
    The PCB investigation into Malik, Wasim Akram and Ijaz Ahmed continues, as does a bitter war of words between the Australian trio and Salim Malik.

  • Sept 1998:
    The Pakistan board find Malik, Wasim and Ijaz all guilty of match-fixing before sending their findings to the judicial authorities.
    Wasim Akram bowls for Pakistan
    Wasim: Found guilty at this stage, banned later, and then cleared

    Judge Qayyum begins his inquiry in the knowledge that the PCB have recommended bans for the three players.

    The board also says five other Test stars should be examined, but the selectors then name most of the eight under suspicion for a forthcoming tour to Australia.

  • Oct 1998:
    The judicial inquiry begins in earnest as Waugh and Australian captain Mark Taylor give evidence while on tour in Lahore. Malik was also called before the hearing.

    Waugh alleged he was offered a bribe to bat badly in a one-day game at Rawalpindi, and said he stood by all his allegations.

    May and the injured Warne were not on the tour.

  • Dec 1998:
    The situation is complicated by revelations of further impropriety, this time by Waugh and Warne.

    The ACB admits that the pair were secretly fined for accepting money from an Indian bookmaker during the same controversial 1994 tour of Pakistan.

    The PCB says this news seriously undermined the allegations against Malik, who promises to sue the pair.

    Accusations of hypocrisy against the Australian authorities are made, after they kept the affair quiet for three years.

  • Jan 1999:
    Attention switches back to Judge Qayyum's efforts as a Melbourne courtroom temporarily becomes part of the Pakistani judicial system.

    The reason? To hear evidence from May and Warne, and also more from Waugh, who admits receiving 2,600 from the Indian bookmaker for information about the weather and pitch conditions in Sri Lanka.

    May, in turn, explains how Warne was invited into Malik's hotel room, where both spin bowlers were offered 135,000 each if they were prepared to play badly.

  • Mar 1999:
    Malik is ommitted from Pakistan's World Cup squad.....

  • Apr 1999:
    .......and then reinstated due to the poor form of others.

    The judicial inquiry holds what is thought to be its final hearing into the affair, but there will be no publication until at least after the World Cup.

  • May-Jun 1999:
    The World Cup sees defeat in the final for Pakistan, and a howl of protest back home leads to yet more allegations that Wasim's team even threw this match.

  • Jul 1999:
    The judicial inquiry continues to hear evidence, including that of Ata-ur Rehman, who testifies against Wasim but would eventually be found guilty himself.
    Rehman in Pakistan colours
    Rehman: Gave evidence against Wasim but would be found guilty himself

    The Pakistani government then steps in and suspends the entire PCB.

    Mujeebur Rehman, in temporary charge of a new ad hoc board, then suspends Wasim, Malik and Ijaz from the national team pending further investigations.

  • 3 Sept 1999:
    The trio are cleared of the World Cup allegations by Pakistan's Accountability Bureau.

    Despite these findings the Pakistaini board says the suspensions will not be lifted yet.

  • 15 Sept 1999:
    The PCB performs another u-turn, reinstating Wasim as Pakistan captain despite the judicial findings not having been published.

    Reports suggest that Judge Qayyum is set to reveal his recommendations within days, but in fact it will be eight more months before they are made public.

  • Oct 1999:
    A draft of the judicial inquiry is thought to have been made available at this stage - but there is no publication.

  • April 2000:
    South African captain Hansie Cronje becomes embroiled in a separate scandal. The world awaits the Pakistani report.
    Cronje at news conference
    Hansie Cronje: A new scandal

  • May 2000:
    Days before Judge Qayyum finally reveals all, the News of the World makes new allegations about Malik's behaviour.

    He continues to deny them, despite being found guilty of match-fixing by the judge, who recommends a life ban.

    Wasim and Ijaz are cleared at this stage, but medium pace bowler Rehman receives the same punishment as Malik.

    Rehman had originally offered the commission evidence against Wasim, but this backfired and he was himself found guilty of "general match-fixing".

  • May 24 2000:
    Malik and Rehman are found guilty of match-fixing, by a one-man judicial inquiry.

    Justice Malik Qayyum recommended life bans for both players and a 1m rupee fine (12,500) for Malik, following a year long investigation into the allegations.

    Judge Qayyum recommends Malik be banned from any connection with cricket, either as a player or manager.

    "There is clear evidence of match-fixing against Mr Salim Malik," Judge Qayyum says.

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    See also:

    24 May 00 | Cricket
    Cronje faces fresh controversy
    24 May 00 | Cricket
    Pakistan wait on pace ace
    23 May 00 | England v New Zealand
    ICC asks paper for Salim tapes
    22 May 00 | England v New Zealand
    Salim disowns Aussie fixing claim
    10 May 00 | Cricket
    Tearful Kapil denies bribery
    04 May 00 | Cricket
    Cricket under the microscope
    20 Apr 00 | South Asia
    Scandal damages Indian cricket
    19 Apr 00 | Cricket
    'Cronjegate': A timeline
    24 May 00 | Cricket
    Malik guilty of match-fixing
    24 Jul 99 | Cricket
    Pakistan cricket in crisis
    07 Mar 99 | Cricket
    Pakistan leave out Malik
    08 Dec 98 | Cricket
    Aussie stars 'secretly' fined
    09 Jan 99 | Cricket
    May backs cricket bribery claims
    08 Jan 99 | Cricket
    Waugh pocketed 2,600 for tip-off
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