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Britain betrayed Wednesday, 22 September, 1999, 07:55 GMT 08:55 UK
Spying Who's Who
Vasily Mitrokhin
Vasily Mitrokhin, the man who opened up the can of worms
BBC News Online's A-Z guide to the people involved in the UK's spying scandal:

Vic Allen A retired economics professor from Leeds University and former leading member of the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament who spied for the East German secret police, the Stasi.

Britain Betrayed
Unmasked by The Spying Game. Aged 77. The Sunday Telegraph said he had influenced CND into a pro-Soviet line, but this has been denied by the organisation.

Mr Allen has admitted spying: "I have no shame... My only regret is that we didn't succeed."

Christopher Andrew Cambridge history professor who was given access to Vasili Mitrokhin's archive to co-author a book.

Believes there are still more names to come from the 'golden age' of Soviet agents in the UK up until 1971.

Points out that the US and other Western countries were also widely penetrated by KGB agents.

Dick Clements Former editor of The Tribune left-wing newspaper in the 1960s and 1970s. Later an adviser to then Labour leader Neil Kinnock.

Mr Clements says he met Soviet officials but was not a spy. Any information they gleaned from him must have been exaggerated, he has said. Mr Kinnock has also rejected the accusations.

KGB codename Dan.

Tom Driberg Former Labour MP and member of the House of Lords. Long-rumoured to have been a Soviet agent, a fact confirmed by the Mitrokhin archive. Codename Lepage.

Well known to be homosexual with a penchant for picking up men in public lavatories - recruited by the KGB when he tried to do this to one of its agents while on a trip to Moscow. Died 1976.

Gwyneth Edwards German language lecturer at Loughborough University who denies spying.

Accused by the Independent on Sunday of collaborating with the Stasi by reporting on visiting East German academics.

Raymond Fletcher A little-known Labour MP for Ilkeston in Derbyshire who left politics in 1983 and died in 1991. Codename Peter.

An unlikely candidate to turn up in a KGB archive as he was thought to be a moderate, despite writing part-time for the left-wing Tribune newspaper.

Fiona Houlding A student from Leeds, accused by The Sunday Times of spying for the Stasi under the codename Diana.

Said to have been recruited after falling in love with an East German while studying in Leipzig in the 1980s.

Stephen Lander Director general of MI5 since 1996. Cambridge-educated and, hardly surprisingly, shy of publicity.

Reported to have been carpeted by Home Secretary Jack Straw over leaks and given a grilling over why Melita Norwood was not charged with spying.

Vasily Mitrokhin A 77-year-old former KGB officer, who became disillusioned with the realities of the Soviet system. Copied thousands of KGB documents by hand and kept them at his country home.

Defected to the UK in 1992, when his archive was retrieved by MI6 agent Richard Tomlinson.

Melita Norwood An 87-year-old great-grandmother who was the KGB's longest-serving spy in the UK. Codename Hola.

Passed on information after the Second World War which helped the USSR build the atom bomb because she did not want the Soviets to fall behind the West. Her sympathies were known to the security services and her access to classified information was later limited.

Not known to be a spy until 1992, however, when the controversial decision was taken not to prosecute her.

Robin Pearson Senior lecturer in social history and economics at Hull University. Recruited by the East German secret police, the Stasi, as a student while on a course in Leipzig in 1977.

Said to have passed on the names of possible agents among the students and other contacts he met.

John Symonds A former Scotland Yard detective who was jailed for corruption in 1980.

The "Romeo spy": said he was trained by the KGB to seduce women working for Western embassies. Also revealed names of actually or potentially corrupt police officers.

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