Europe South Asia Asia Pacific Americas Middle East Africa BBC Homepage World Service Education



Front Page

World

UK

UK Politics

Business

Sci/Tech

Health

Education

Sport

Entertainment

Talking Point
On Air
Feedback
Low Graphics
Help

Monday, October 12, 1998 Published at 21:59 GMT 22:59 UK


Military facts and figures



As Nato prepares for air strikes against Yugoslavia, nations are committing troops and aircraft to military action. Belgrade is also making preparations.

Ships

Nato

In the event of military intervention, initial strikes are likely to be launched from the naval forces of 11 Nato states conducting exercises in international waters.


[ image:  ]
The United States Sixth Fleet - with the aircraft carrier USS Eisenhower - is poised in the eastern Mediterranean and could provide significant firepower.

Click here for more information about USS Eisenhower and aircraft carriers

Accompanying Eisenhower on its training exercise in the Adriatic Sea off the west coast of Croatia are a missile cruiser group of five ships and two attack submarines, and 48 strike fighters.

Most of the US ships are capable of firing Tomahawk cruise missiles, which could dominate initial strikes, in order not to endanger Nato pilots or planes.

Yugoslavia

The Yugoslav navy has a small force of frigates and patrol boats armed with anti-ship missiles.

There are also two operational submarines, which - if they get to sea - could prove difficult to detect.

Air power

Nato

The Nato force is said to total around 430 planes - 260 of them from the United States, of which many are strike aircraft.


[ image:  ]
The armada of F-18 fighter bombers, F-14s, F-16 fighters, Mirages, and Jaguars from Nato allies would probably form the basis of a second, sustained series of air strikes aimed at crippling Yugoslavian armed forces.

UK Royal Air Force Tornado GR1s and Harrier GR7s are also expected to participate and the Germany has promised 14 German Air Force Tornados.

Click here for more information about the Tornado

Committed US planes include two B-2 stealth bombers, 12 F-117 stealth fighters and six B-52 bombers equipped with air-launched cruise missiles.

In support are 10 reconnaissance planes, 10 search and rescue, 3 airborne command and control and 40 refuelling craft.

If the B-2s are deployed in combat, it would be the first such use of the $2bn bat-winged bomber, which is able to dodge enemy radar.

The Danish parliament has pledged four Danish air force F-16 fighters and two reserve aircraft to the strike force.

Yugoslavia

The choice to use America's costliest and stealthiest planes reflects Nato's assessment of Yugoslavia's integrated air defences, a system of tracking radar as well as fixed and mobile missiles.

In 1995, during the Bosnian War, the Bosnian Serbs used the system to shoot down F-16s with Soviet-made SA-6 mobile missiles.

Yugoslavian MiG-29 planes which carry these missiles are reportedly being moved into hardened bunkers to protect them against possible air attack. President Milosevic is unlikely to want to risk them against Nato's comprehensive air armada.

Missiles

Nato


[ image:  ]
Most of the US ships are carrying Tomahawk cruise missiles. B-52s also have cruise missile capability.


Click here for more information about the cruise missile

Yugoslavia

Belgrade has mobile missile systems, shoulder-launched weapons and nearly 2,000 anti-aircraft guns that could prove difficult to locate.

Yugoslavia also has many Cold War-era bunkers and hardened installations at its disposal, some of which may be difficult to attack.



Advanced options | Search tips




Back to top | BBC News Home | BBC Homepage | ©




Africa | Americas | Asia-Pacific | Europe | Middle East | South Asia



Relevant Stories

12 Oct 98 | Kosovo
Nato's firepower: The cruise missile

12 Oct 98 | Kosovo
Analysis: Nato's military options

09 Oct 98 | Kosovo
Serbs confident of military defences





Internet Links


Government of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

North Atlantic Treaty Organisation

Jane's Information Group


The BBC is not responsible for the content of external internet sites.




In this section

Winter halts search for Kosovo victims

Prominent Serb shot in Kosovo

K-For 'lacks will' to protect Serbs

Nato chief: No single ethnic Kosovo

US general condemns French 'red card'

Losing Kosovo but keeping power: Sloba and Mira

Nato embassy attack 'not deliberate'

Serbian opposition settle differences

From Sci/Tech
Balkans environment 'seriously damaged'

UN chief makes first Kosovo visit

Kosovo mass grave uncovered

Aid linked to Milosevic removal

New K-For leader looks to rebuild

Freed Britons arrive home

Violence flares in Kosovo

Draskovic attends crash victim's funeral

Kosovo mass grave unearthed

Kosovo Gypsies stranded on border

Yugoslavia slams KLA deal

Nato assesses Kosovo lessons

Montenegro sues for 'coup'

From Health
Babies die in Kosovo aftermath

Pope calls for Balkan harmony

Kosovo Corps - an army for Kosovo?