Afghan President Hamid Karzai has opened a meeting of tribal delegates in Kabul to discuss persuading Taliban fighters to lay down their arms.
He wants to enlist support for his plan to offer economic incentives to reformed militants. Taliban chiefs have dismissed the talks, saying they are meaningless.
Dawood Azami of the BBC World Service spoke to Afghans to find out what they thought about the jirga.
HAJI AGHA LALAI, KANDAHAR
These jirgas have always helped to resolve Afghanistan's problems.
If the jirga reaches unanimous decisions and the outcome of the jirga is respected, supported and protected, I am hopeful that the jirga can be successful.
FARAH NAZ, BADAKHSHAN
I want the country to be peaceful.
But if the Taliban join the government as a result of the "peace jirga" and impose their views on the society, this will be a setback, specially for women.
RAIS ABDUL WAHID, KABUL
Jirga is an old tradition of the Afghans and Afghans want peace.
This jirga is a positive step towards peace and security.
We have suffered from decades of war and the peace jirga is a glimpse of hope.
I hope the participants will keep in mind the wishes of their people.
SAYED JALIL JAWAD, HERAT
I expect that the peace jirga will prepare the ground to end violence in the country.
I think if the participants are honest about bringing peace and if they don't have other material or group interests, this jirga will be successful.
But if the delegates are there with other intentions, then it's a problem.
HAQMAL MASOODZAI, PAKTIA PROVINCE
I think this peace jirga is fruitless because peace negotiations should take place with those who are opposed to it and who are involved in fighting.
There should be consultation with the armed opposition.
If the jirga is working on a mechanism to bring peace, this will be a one-sided mechanism without the Taliban's participation.
MUHAMMAD TARIQ, BADGHIS
This jirga will be effective if the Taliban conditions are met.
But I don't think that this jirga will convince the Taliban to stop fighting.
Although I disagree with the demands of the Taliban, I am hopeful that this jirga will find a solution to the current crisis in the country.