The day closed with a candle-lit ceremony at the Gateway of India
Ceremonies have been held in Mumbai (Bombay) to mark the first anniversary of a series of devastating attacks on the Indian city by militants.
Police have paraded in the city, a memorial has been inaugurated and candle-lit prayer services held.
The attacks, which began on 26 November 2008 and lasted nearly three days, left 174 people dead, including nine gunmen.
The only surviving attacker, Pakistani Mohammad Ajmal Qasab, is currently on trial in India.
On Wednesday, a court in Pakistan charged seven people in connection with the attacks, including alleged mastermind Zaki-ur-Rehman Lakhvi - head of the banned militant group Lashkar-e-Taiba.
The Mumbai gunmen staged co-ordinated attacks at a number of sites, including the CST railway station, two luxury hotels and the Nariman House Jewish community centre.
Security forces criticised
Among the events held to mark the anniversary on Thursday was a candle-lit prayer service held at the Gateway of India monument, near the Taj Mahal Hotel - one of the attackers' targets.
Elsewhere, Indian Home Minister P Chidambaram unveiled a new memorial, which he dedicated to the memories of "those who laid down their lives to save Mumbai... and the idea of India as a secular, plural, tolerant, democratic republic".
Gunmen targeted several high profile sites in south Mumbai
Total death toll of 174, including nine gunmen
India says attacks planned in Pakistan by Lashkar-e-Taiba
Single surviving attacker currently on trial in Mumbai
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