Page last updated at 11:01 GMT, Saturday, 4 October 2008 12:01 UK

Rice in India for nuclear talks

US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice at the UN, New York (26/09/2008)
Ms Rice says US-India relations have made "extraordinary progress"

US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice has arrived in India for talks on a civil nuclear co-operation deal.

The US Senate approved the deal on Wednesday, ending a three-decade ban on nuclear trade with Delhi.

But the deal will not be signed during her visit, officials say, citing administrative issues in Washington.

India says the deal is vital to meet civilian energy demands, but critics say it undermines efforts to control the spread of nuclear weapons.

Speaking on her way to Delhi, Ms Rice said there remained "a lot of administrative details that have to be worked out", lowering expectations that she would sign the deal on her visit.

A signing ceremony was planned for 1400 local time on Saturday, but officials now say that has been cancelled.

But Ms Rice said she wanted to "draw a line under this one way or another".

"The whole purpose of this trip is to move forward, not to look at where we are," she said, saying the US-India relationship had made "extraordinary progress" and had "a firm foundation to reach its full potential".

She said the agreement "removes for India a barrier to full integration on a whole range of technologies".

Prime Minister Manmohan Singh has said the deal will help India to liberate itself from "the constraints of technology denial of 34 years".

The BBC's Kim Ghattas in Washington says the Bush administration has lobbied hard in Congress to get the deal approved but that wary lawmakers insisted on certain amendments, which may upset the Indians.

Treaty 'undermined'

Mr Singh has had a rough ride over the agreement in India from critics who say it will bring the country's foreign policy too much under US influence.

The deal, which has been approved by the UN's nuclear watchdog the International Atomic Energy Agency, gives India access to US civilian nuclear technology and fuel in return for inspections of its civilian, but not military, nuclear facilities.

India has 14 reactors in commercial operation and nine under construction
Nuclear power supplies about 3% of India's electricity
By 2050, nuclear power is expected to provide 25% of the country's electricity
India has limited coal and uranium reserves
Its huge thorium reserves - about 25% of the world's total - are expected to fuel its nuclear power programme long-term
Source: Uranium Information Center

It ends a boycott imposed by nuclear supplier states because India has not signed the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT).

BBC world affairs correspondent Paul Reynolds says the deal is the best of a bad situation for some, including the IAEA, as it will subject India to a more substantial inspection regime than at present.

But critics say it undermines the NPT because it effectively acknowledges that India has nuclear weapons while not being a signatory to the treaty.

They argue it sets a bad example for countries like Iran and will spark off a nuclear arms race in Asia.

The Bush administration has made the deal one of its key foreign policy achievements and hopes the agreement will bolster ties with India which were cooled during the Cold War, says our correspondent in Washington.

America has restricted nuclear co-operation with India since 1974, after it tested a nuclear weapon.

The US state department said Ms Rice will meet various Indian leaders during her brief visit, including Mr Singh and External Affairs Minister Pranab Mukherjee, before travelling to Kazakhstan.

Indian joy over US nuclear deal
02 Oct 08 |  South Asia
US approves Indian nuclear deal
02 Oct 08 |  South Asia
India eyes France nuclear accord
29 Sep 08 |  South Asia
India-US in last nuclear push
26 Sep 08 |  South Asia
Indian firms eye nuclear business
24 Sep 08 |  Business

The BBC is not responsible for the content of external internet sites

Has China's housing bubble burst?
How the world's oldest clove tree defied an empire
Why Royal Ballet principal Sergei Polunin quit


Americas Africa Europe Middle East South Asia Asia Pacific