Page last updated at 05:07 GMT, Friday, 15 August 2008 06:07 UK

Singh outlines 'terror' challenge

Manmohan Singh delivering his Independence Day speech on 15 August 2008
Singh's government is under pressure for rising inflation

Indian PM Manmohan Singh has said that terrorism and extremism had emerged as the main challenge to India's unity.

He was speaking at Independence Day celebrations in the capital, Delhi.

Hundreds of thousands of security personnel have been deployed across India following a series of bomb blasts in the past few months.

There have also been violent protests more recently in Indian-administered Kashmir where Muslim separatists called for a boycott of the celebrations.

In his traditional Independence Day address made from Delhi's historic Red Fort, Mr Singh said: "Terrorism, extremism, communalism and fundamentalism have emerged as major challenges to the unity and integrity of our country."

He said India needed to strengthen its intelligence services and police forces to deal with terrorism.

Biggest concern

But Mr Singh's biggest concern is the growing violence in Indian-administered Kashmir, with more than 20 people killed in the past week.

The region has witnessed the biggest protests since a separatist rebellion broke out nearly two decades ago.

"In this hour of crisis, divisive politics will lead us nowhere. I appeal to all political parties to keep the long-term interests of Jammu and Kashmir in view and come together to find a permanent solution to the problems of the state," he said.

Security is intense in Kashmir as well as the rest of India, with hundreds of thousands of forces deployed to prevent any possible violence.

Kashmiri Muslims atop a burnt-out police car in Srinagar on 14 August 2008
Kashmir has been rocked by violence recently

Mr Singh said that the recent attack on India's embassy in Kabul had cast a shadow on India's ties with Pakistan.

This is the prime minister's last Independence Day speech ahead of the next general elections, due in eight months.

He outlined a number of measures aimed at improving the country's economy.

His government is under pressure with annual inflation at a 13-year high.

"The inflation we have seen this year is basically due to external factors," Mr Singh said.

"All over the world and in global markets the price of food, fuel and other commodities has been rising. In many developing countries the rate of inflation is double that in India."

Mixed feelings about India's future
15 Aug 08 |  South Asia

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