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Timeline: Most deadly stampedes

Relatives await news of those caught up in the Nainadevi temple stampede
Many of the victims of the Nainadevi temple stampede were children

Scores of devotees have been killed in a stampede during a religious festival at a Hindu temple in the northern Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.

BBC News chronicles the deadliest stampedes of recent times.

30 September 2008, Rajasthan state, India: More than 220 people die in a stampede at the Chamunda Devi Hindu temple inside Jodhpur's famous Mehrangarh Fort.

3 August 2008, Himachal Pradesh state, India: At least 140 people die in a stampede at a hilltop Hindu temple in northern India.

A rain shelter on a mountain path to the Nainadevi temple collapsed in bad weather, causing panic. Dozens more pilgrims were hurt.

12 January 2006, Mina, Saudi Arabia: At least 364 die in a crush during the annual Hajj pilgrimage to Mecca.

Officials say the stampede happened after pieces of luggage spilled from moving buses in front of one of the entrances to the bridge of Jamarat, causing pilgrims to trip.

31 August 2005, Baghdad, Iraq: Up to 1,000 Shia pilgrims are trampled to death or drown in the Tigris River after rumours of a suicide bombing sparked panic. Many of the dead are women and children.

25 January 2005, Maharashtra state, India: Up to 300 Hindu pilgrims die in a stampede during a Hindu pilgrimage to the remote Mandhar Devi temple.

Many pilgrims are crushed and burned to death as fires in roadside stalls force crowds into a narrow stairway leading to the hilltop temple.

1 February 2004, Mina, Saudi Arabia: Some 251 pilgrims are trampled to death in a 27-minute stampede during the Hajj.

Officials say many of the victims were not authorised to participate in the Stoning of Satan ritual, after new procedures were introduced following previous stampedes.

9 May 2001, Accra, Ghana: Some 126 die in a stampede following a football match.

The tragedy takes place at the Accra Sports Stadium during the match between rival teams Accra Hearts of Oak and Asante Kotoko.

The Ghanaian police are blamed by many survivors for causing the stampede by firing tear gas in the packed and locked stadium, after angry demonstrations by fans of the losing side.

9 April 1998, Mina, Saudi Arabia: At least 118 pilgrims die and more than 180 are hurt during the Stoning of Satan ritual. The pilgrims, mostly from Indonesia and Malaysia, are trampled to death after panic erupts when several people fall off an overpass.

2 July 1990, Saudi Arabia: Some 1,426 pilgrims, mainly Asian, die in a huge crush in a tunnel leading to Mecca's holy sites.

The authorities say most died of asphyxiation after the tunnel's ventilation system broke down.

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