Page last updated at 05:05 GMT, Monday, 14 April 2008 06:05 UK

Dhaka-Calcutta train link resumes

The Friendship Express at Calcutta
More Bangladeshis than Indians are expected to use the service

The passenger train service between Calcutta in India and the capital of Bangladesh, Dhaka, has resumed after an interval of more than 40 years.

Trains travelled in both directions on Monday - the first service since the 1965 war between India and Pakistan.

Bangladesh - previously East Pakistan - gained independence from Pakistan in 1971 but Delhi and Dhaka only agreed to resume the train link in 2001.

The train has been dubbed the Maitreyi, or Friendship, Express.

One service left Dhaka on Bengali New Year's Day on Monday for the inaugural 500km (310 mile) run to Calcutta, with another train running from Calcutta to Dhaka.

The BBC's Bangladesh correspondent - travelling to Calcutta - says some in India have expressed concern that the train could lead to an increase in smuggling and illegal immigration.

Our correspondent says that even though security checks at the border will take four hours, the new train is another sign that normal relations are being established.


Meanwhile the 360-seater Calcutta-Dhaka Friendship Express on its inaugural run was carrying barely 65 passengers, including journalists and politicians, says BBC's Subir Bhaumik who is travelling to Dhaka on the train.

"The inaugural service has been started in a hurry and people are still not aware of where to get tickets. But once they know, the trains will go full and I have no doubt about that," said Indian railway spokesman Samir Goswami.

I am going back to my village in Bangladesh after 60 years
Janatosh Pal, passenger

Bangladesh and India's West Bengal state used to form united Bengal and many people on both sides of the border share a common language and have relatives on the other side.

With one-way tickets starting from $8 (4), it is expected to be popular with Bangladeshis visiting family, looking for work, shopping or seeking medical treatment in their wealthier neighbour.

One man on the train said he was returning to his village in Bangladesh after 60 years.

"I came to India as a refugee when I was six year old but for me Kalindi in Bangladesh, the village I was born, remains my motherland," said Janatosh Pal, his voice choked with emotion.

Rail route from Dhaka to Calcutta
The route was suspended in 1965 after war broke out between India and Pakistan. Bangladesh was then part of Pakistan.
The first train carrying government officials ran on 8 July 2007.
A one-way ticket costs about 4

Public enthusiasm was palpable and thousands lined up on both sides of the railway track all the way from Calcutta to Gede on the border, waving at the train.

A group representing Hindu refugees from Bangladesh, Nikhil Banga Nagarik Sangha (All Bengal Citizens Committee), briefly obstruct the train because they are opposed to it.

"There is no reason why India should develop close links with Bangladesh when Hindus are persecuted in that country," said the group's chief Subhas Chakrabarti.

Police blamed the group for planting three bombs on the route on Sunday. The bombs were defused and scores of the group's supporters were arrested while demonstrating near the tracks.

Bilateral relations were dogged by suspicion and rivalry for many years even though India helped Bangladesh win its independence from Pakistan, says our correspondent.

Disagreements over security arrangements delayed the implementation of the rail link after the two countries signed an agreement in 2001.

A passenger coach and freight trains already run between the two countries.

video and audio news
BBC reporter onboard describes the historic journey

Excitement mounts over train link
09 Apr 08 |  South Asia
First India-Bangladesh train link
08 Jul 07 |  South Asia
'Casualties' in border shelling
10 Aug 06 |  South Asia
Livelihoods on line at Indian border
28 Jun 05 |  South Asia
India-Bangladesh border gunfire
04 Mar 05 |  South Asia
New India-Dhaka bus link
22 Sep 03 |  South Asia

The BBC is not responsible for the content of external internet sites

Has China's housing bubble burst?
How the world's oldest clove tree defied an empire
Why Royal Ballet principal Sergei Polunin quit


Americas Africa Europe Middle East South Asia Asia Pacific