Police in the Indian state of Gujarat say they have charged three senior police officers with murdering a Muslim civilian and trying to cover it up.
They say the accused men tried to claim that the dead man was a militant.
The victim, Sohrabuddin Sheikh, was shot dead by anti-terrorism police in the state's commercial capital, Ahmadabad, in November 2005.
At the time, police claimed Mr Sheikh belonged to the banned Kashmiri Lashkar-e-Toiba militant group.
They said that he was plotting to assassinate the state's Chief Minister Narendra Modi.
The dead man's brother has now filed a case in the Supreme Court challenging the police version of events.
Last month, the state police admitted before court that Mr Sheikh was killed in a staged gun battle.