To mark the fifth anniversary of Nepal's royal massacre, BBC News invited Nepalis of different political viewpoints to present their vision of what lies ahead for their country.
Gagan Thapa is an advocate of peaceful protest
Here is the view of Gagan Thapa, a student leader and a member of the Nepali Congress, the country's largest political party.
Nepal's struggle against obscurity - initiated at different phases at different times - has ultimately culminated in the form of the recent people's movement.
This not only overthrew despotic King Gyanendra's rule but established Nepal's dignity at the global level.
The 19-day people's struggle was targeted not only against a despotic form of governance but against all forms of deficiencies and injustices that have maimed Nepali society at large.
The Nepalese people's date with destiny has begun; they have adopted the 'constituent assembly' as a vehicle to carve their future. However Nepal is yet to carve a defined, coherent and concrete future; she is yet to explore a philosophical foundation that every nation stands for.
A constituent assembly is not an easy vehicle in itself. Nepal has layers of conflicts that need to be addressed.
Ingenuity and wisdom
It has to address the conflict and the differences existing between the regions, castes and communities.
As the country moves towards an election to a constituent assembly, the ingenuity and wisdom of Nepalese political players will be put to the test.
The choices they make will help to determine whether the 'April Revolution' reaches its final destination, or disappears into a quicksand of palace intrigue and political cowardice.
It might be tempting to conclude that King Gyanendra is already history but the palace has definitely bought time for itself, a commodity that is more useful then legal provisions.
Kathmandu's protestors took to the streets - peacefully
Becoming a democratic republic, therefore, is a must to ensure Nepal's long-term stability and development.
Anarchy threatens Nepal's sovereignty and unity.
Extreme political elements have been working hard trying to break the fabric of Nepalese society. The maturity, spirit and enthusiasm displayed by common Nepalese during the revolution are the only hope that can take Nepal forward.
The people of Nepal stood together at the midst of their political differences; they need to stand together in charting Nepal's socio-economic and cultural philosophies to guide the country towards peace and prosperity in the next five years.
The conviction of people helps guides nations towards a defined ideology. The potential of the Nepalese people, displayed during the revolution, stands as testimony that any form of political extremism will not be tolerated in the days ahead.
The claim that no revolution can be peaceful has been disproved by the common men and women of Nepal.
Peace has been adopted both as an "agenda" and a "means" in Nepalese context. The exemplary vision displayed by the laymen of Nepal has created a new theoretical perspective. Politics has been redefined in Nepal.
A nation writes its own autobiography through the action and inaction of its citizens.
Nepal's future lies in its people's democratic efforts
The Nepalese have begun writing a new autobiography for Nepal, an autobiography with a vision, philosophy and an ideology; a distinct autobiography with socio-economic and cultural harmony and prosperity; an autobiography displaying the life and history of the common men and women of Nepal.
Five years down the line, Nepal is in a verge of creating a philosophy, a model, a vision through its own people that is likely to be replicated by many nations.
At a time when India and China, two large economies and neighbours of Nepal, are bubbling with economic growth, Nepal is all set to lead the world with its new political philosophy.
It is a philosophy of peace - a much-needed agenda at a time when the world's security has been threatened due to conflict.
If you would like to send a comment about this story you can use the form below this selection of your comments:
I completly agree with Mr Thapa's views. But what it looks like sitting here in nepal and anlyzing the political situation is that the 7 parties have lost all their will and strength to the maoist. THey are not in a position to shape up any kind of development.
WE LACK LEADERS...the One we have are of no good use. They are vision less leaders and they dont care about the people. I represent the country and am looking for a revolution in Neali Politics...
Kshitij Regmi, Nepal
The question "what lies ahead for nepal" remains unanswered throughout gagan's article beyond a cursory nod to the need for "democratic republic". Of course, there is no doubt that that is the need of the hour, but one doesn't need a student leader of the highest calibre to make us realize that. on the eve of the maoist's biggest ever mass meet in the capital, a more dire question that needs answering is - what can we expect from the maoist who, despite the recently negotiated code of conduct, has blatantly disregarded any such code starting the very next day of the negotiation? br />lokesh, nepal
I just hate it when the politicians and the maoist use the words like People's government or we represent the people. Well we all know they don't . The power has shifted from the palace but where has it gone, certainly not the people.
Our fate now lies in the hands of the Maoist, what an irony. All we can do is keep our fingers crossed.
karun Ghimire, USA
The Maoists are a very dirty set up made in India (as Srilanka). They are funded by India and supported by India to hijack Nepal's water resources to steal the only income of Nepal to cover the poverty of the North of India. The leaders of Maoist are living as king with Indian money in India . The Maoist are racketing and threaten all the poor people of the West of Nepal which have nothing to survive to follow by force their non sense and false cause. Prachanda is the also an Executive of RIM (revolution international movement).
Arifin , Tonga
We believe that till today your government recruits my hill people of Nepal into your army who are known as British Gurkha Army and government Of India also recruits them into the their Army known as Indian Gurkha Army. The autocratic Rana regime of Nepal had given this permission some 145 years ago. Imagine what would happen if we were not to allowed to recruit our boys into the British & Indian armies and we think that both governments should not be allowed to recruit the simple hill boys into their Armies in a free and democratic society May Lord PashupatiNath bless us all.
Guru Bar Singh Thapa, Nepal
It depends on the policies implemented by the leaders but there are several issues which have to be looked into. A person cannot foresee the future of Nepal limiting himself within the valley. Perhaps Thapa's emotional sentiments just gusts.
Keshav Pd. Ganesh, Nepal
A heart warming article! I do fully agree. This is all happened because of the People of Nepal and Seven party alliance plus Maoist but NOT the king. China & India are also being supportive to Nepali people by now. Political corrupt leaders should have learned the lessons and furthermore Maoists are, day by day, crawling to political mainstream. If new government after Constituent Assembly rule as per people's aspiration, a new Nepal is certain.
The newly formed Govt. has to engage in multi-tasking projects starting with talk with the Maoists, restore peace, law and order followed by economic development. This is high time that Nepal should forge ahead with renewed vigour in national and international arena as a newly emerged Republic. We need young leaders like Gagan Thapa who should emulate Lee Quan Yieu. Unfortunately we have too many Ferdinand Marcoses in almost all areas of responsibility.
Ram B. Chhetri, USA
It is obvious that the development of Nepal is based on the educational progress. For the real revolution, the political leaders, educational experts, government and non-government organisations, donors and all who love Nepal should help from their sides to make a prosperous Nepal.
By now almost everyone seems to have agreed that Maoists are the most powerful force in Nepalese Politics today. Maoists created this situation by understanding the weakness of the parties' people and used it as weapon for their success that did bring the positive result for them. The total struggle of 2006 will not benefit anyone other than Maoists.
As an Indian I am glad to see democracy get another chance in Nepal. I hope the Indian government does its best to support Nepal and its people. I hope the relationship between the two old neighbours get better.
This article tried to catch some issues of Nepal but failed to address main concerns. This article failed to analyze how tyranny is intertwined in Nepalese culture. In some ways all political parties and their leaders are also involved in ruining Nepal's future and economy so they must take responsibility. We must understand that now power has moved from autocrat-king to corrupted leaders but not to the public; people still have to face bribery and nepotism in their every day lives.
Gita Rijal, USA
I agree more with Mr. Gautam's view. His Majesty intervened in 2002 with all the right purpose. Maybe the cause for it to fail was because of the pre 1990 cronies who had other intentions. I do support the name change of Nepal Army and other decisions taken by the govt. But don't make the king a scapegoat. As for the Maoists, I whole heartedly believe in their cause for rural Nepal but for now lets just wait and see what action they take.
I wholeheartedly support Mr Thapa's narration of current situation and visions for Nepal. However, you can not just anticipate that peace will bring development and happiness. There are many issues in Nepal that need to be discussed - poor people, rural area development, education, regional problems, lack of representations, economy, resource sharing, etc. Only strong political institutions and the foresight of current leaders, politicians, constitution experts, scholars, and common Nepali people can make sure what the country needs and how it should be developed in a democratic republic of Nepal.
It is all well and good to spout philosophy, but where is the strategy to execute that vision into reality? This rhetoric sounds very familiar to what we heard in the 1990s. Just as the case was then, Nepalese leaders need to come up with a plan of action, not another passionate speech. Secondly, why do we continue to blame the easiest enemies and disregard the root problems? The problem in Nepal is not the monarchy, but the wide spread poverty, lack of development and corruption. Much as I have my reservations about the current monarch, I truly believe that the monarchy is a integral part of the Nepali heritage. It is certainly an important part of my national identity as a Nepali. The problem here is the monarch, not the monarchy.
This article tried to address the core problem of Nepal. But failed to address it. The core problem is our duality, which is created from premature response and actions. We love to criticize others even though it was relevant. That was unfortunate for Nepal. We have not had a national goal to achieve. In reverse, what we have a personal agenda to achieve. We have to end it. We have to create Unity among us. That is the foundation of good system to create.
Krishna Acharya, UK
Well said. For the first time I agree with BBC upon its views for NEpal. But its too late now???
The whole world has been deceived becasue UK and USA (best freinds of democracy)wanted to see Nepal from India's eyes. India had idiots like Shyam Saran in its beurocracy and I am sure India is going to burn its hands too.
Jyoti Sabu, Nepal
Gagan Thapa is a great leader so far and I fully support his views in Nepal. However, there are few points that I disagree on. This current house associate HINDU religon with the King and declare Nepal a secular country. Majority of Nepalis are Hindu and we have always believe in tolerance of other faiths in the country.
Secondly, we have to focus on disarming Maoists otherwise the core problem of the country will never be solved.
Bimal Raj Bastola, USA
King Gyanendra is the man. he tried to save nepal, and what did the politicians do? they turned around and made him the bad guy. now the politicians are in the sack with the maoists and i've never been so afraid so my nation's future.
now they have no one left to blame. watch them turn on each other like the pack of dogs they are.
rick flair, Nepal
I do fully agree with the article written by Mr Gautam. There is no doubt, now it is only the performance of Maoist on which the nations future depends. We have seen all political parties'& even king's performance. We fear that, again if Maoist fail to perform then it is sure the future of Nepal is uncertain.
Raj Shrestha, Nepal
I Just don't agree with your views. We need King at any cost. 19 days movement is not due to people but of maoist. Nepal has been victimized by India. One day Nepal will under India. Of course there has not been satisfactory governance during king period but that doesn't mean we don't need king. As a matter of fact, he did not get support from international community.
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