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Monday, October 18, 1999 Published at 01:55 GMT 02:55 UK


World: South Asia

Cautious US welcome to Pakistan pledge

General Musharraf said Pakistan had hit rock bottom

The United States has given a cautious welcome to the pledge by Pakistan's new military ruler, General Musharraf, of an eventual return to democracy.

Pakistan in crisis
The Commonwealth of former British colonies, however, is poised to suspend the country at an emergency meeting on Monday, following the failure to announce a speedy return to civilian rule.

In a TV address to the nation on Sunday - his first major policy statement - General Musharraf said the armed forces would stay in power no longer than necessary - but gave no specific date for future elections.

US State Department spokesman James Rubin expressed disappointment that no clear timetable had been set, and called for one immediately.


The BBC's Nick Bryant in Washington: The Clinton administration is fearful of isolating Pakistan's new leadership
"As General Musharraf told his nation, actions speak louder than words," he said. "Our own actions toward Pakistan in the days ahead will be guided by the steps taken by the new authorities."

British Foreign Secretary Robin Cook said before the address that Commonwealth foreign ministers would "almost certainly" recommend suspension at their meeting in London.

He said: "As the secretary-general of the Commonwealth said, a country that has a military coup suspends itself from membership."

Address

In his 15-minute address, the general said he had no intention of remaining in power for longer than it took to lead the country towards what he called "true democracy".


BBC's Mike Wooldridge examines the content of the general's speech
He announced plans to set up a six-member national security council that would give "guidance" to the cabinet of ministers, and promised a free press and religious tolerance.

He said that Pakistan would exercise nuclear restraint and went on to announce a unilateral military de-escalation in the border dispute with India over Kashmir.

He pledged "to withdraw all troops sent to the area in the recent past".


[ image:  ]
At the same time Gen Musharraf said Pakistan would continue to support Kashmiris in their struggle for self determination.

"India must end its repression of the Kashmiri people and respect their fundamental human rights," he said.

He congratulated Indian Prime Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee on his election victory and welcomed his offer of friendly relations.

Rock bottom

On foreign policy, Gen Musharraf said there would be no change.


[ image: General Musharraf has vowed to eradicate corruption]
General Musharraf has vowed to eradicate corruption
Pakistan would aim to strengthen ties with Islamic countries, and seek a "just and peaceful" resolution of the conflict in Afghanistan.

He said it was important for Pakistan to maintain friendly relations with all major powers, especially the United States.

Explaining his reasons for taking power, Gen Musharraf painted a gloomy picture of today's Pakistan.

He said the economy was crumbling, the country had lost its credibility, state institutions had been demolished, cracks were appearing in the federation and people who were once brothers were now at each other's throats.


The BBC's Owen Bennett-Jones: "The speech was short on specific commitments"
He ended: "We have hit rock bottom. We have no choice but to rise, and rise we will."

He said he had sacrificed one of Pakistan's limbs - the constitution - in order to save its body - the nation. But the constitution had only been temporarily suspended.

"This is not martial law," he said, but rather "another path toward democracy."

International pressure

The United States has already cut off aid to Pakistan in protest at the imposition of military rule. The European Union has threatened to do the same unless the army provides a timetable for the return to civilian government.

But contrary to the broad international condemnation of the military's take-over, Saudi Arabia has voiced its support for the coup.

The Saudi Defence Minister, Prince Sultan bin Abdel Aziz, said his government had great confidence in the Pakistani armed forces, and in their capacity to protect all Pakistanis.

He said Saudi Arabia - which provides hundreds of millions of dollars in aid to Pakistan - hoped for calm and stability there.

Other related stories:

  • UK tells Pakistan to expect suspension
  • Spotlight on Pakistan's Taleban connection
  • Pakistan declares state of emergency
  • Text of Musharraf's declaration
  • 'Plot to kill' coup leader
  • Politician tells of house arrest
  • Pakistan's coup: The 17-hour victory





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