[an error occurred while processing this directive]
BBC News
watch One-Minute World News
Languages
Last Updated: Saturday, 9 July, 2005, 08:04 GMT 09:04 UK
Indian scholar Rafiq Zakaria dies
Zakaria book
Zakaria's book on Gujarat riots explored rising communalism in India
The eminent Indian Islamic scholar and writer Rafiq Zakaria has died at his residence in the western city of Mumbai, also known as Bombay.

The 79-year-old complained of acute back pain shortly before he died early on Saturday morning.

A scholar on Indian politics and religion, Dr Zakaria was a prolific writer on India, Islam and British imperialism.

He was also associated with India's ruling Congress party.

Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh described Dr Zakaria as a "true patriot, nationalist and great scholar" in a condolence message to his family, the Press Trust of India said.

A doctorate from the University of London, Dr Zakaria also represented India at the United Nations.

Communalism

His books include studies of former Indian prime minister Jawaharlal Nehru and the founder of Pakistan, Mohammed Ali Jinnah, and an intellectually provocative study on whether Mahatma Gandhi was responsible for the break-up of India.

Dr Zakaria's book 'Communal Rage In Secular India' explored the rising communalism in his country in the aftermath of the riots in western Gujarat state in 2000.

Last month, Dr Zakaria criticised India's main opposition leader LK Advani for describing Mr Jinnah as a "man who made history" during a visit to Pakistan.

"By calling Jinnah a man who created history, Advani tacitly endorsed the two-nation theory, the partition of India and the unprecedented violence that went with it," the feisty scholar told The Times of India newspaper in an interview.

He is survived by his wife, a daughter and three sons, including Fareed Zakaria, editor of Newsweek International magazine.


SEE ALSO:
Key Indian writer OV Vijayan dies
30 Mar 05 |  South Asia
Indian poet Dom Moraes dies
03 Jun 04 |  South Asia
Great Bengali poet dies
08 Jul 03 |  South Asia
Prominent Indian writer dead
10 Dec 97 |  South Asia


RELATED INTERNET LINKS:
The BBC is not responsible for the content of external internet sites


PRODUCTS AND SERVICES

News Front Page | Africa | Americas | Asia-Pacific | Europe | Middle East | South Asia
UK | Business | Entertainment | Science/Nature | Technology | Health
Have Your Say | In Pictures | Week at a Glance | Country Profiles | In Depth | Programmes
Americas Africa Europe Middle East South Asia Asia Pacific