[an error occurred while processing this directive]
BBC News
watch One-Minute World News
Languages
Last Updated: Friday, 11 November 2005, 11:01 GMT
Profile: India's dreaded gangster
Abu Salem
Abu Salem fled India after the bombings in Mumbai
The gangster Abu Salem, who appeared in court on Friday, is one of the Indian underworld's most dreaded figures.

Indian police accuse Abu Salem of involvement in attacks in Mumbai (Bombay) in 1993 that killed more than 250 people.

Indian investigators also want to question Salem in connection with more than 60 murders as well as cases of extortion and kidnapping involving Bollywood film producers and actors.

Abu Salem, alias Abdul Saleem Ansari, is charged with being involved in the bombings which rocked India's commercial capital in March 1993.

Salem fled India after the bombings, which left 1,000 injured, with his companion and former Bollywood actress Monica Bedi.

The couple landed up in Portugal and lived in the capital Lisbon among the expatriate Indian Goan community.

But their luck ran out in 2002 when they were arrested by the Portuguese police at the behest of the Interpol.

India had pressed for their extradition since their arrest.

A Portuguese court sentenced Salem to four-and-a-half years in November 2003, for possession of forged documents and resisting arrest.

Aftermath of the 1993 Mumbai blasts
Aftermath of the 1993 Mumbai blasts

Bedi was sentenced to two years for using false documents.

Portugal agreed to extradite Salem and Bedi after assurances from India that they would not face the death sentence if they were returned.

Indian authorities say Salem, an Indian Muslim, is a key associate of Indian crime lord Dawood Ibrahim, the country's most wanted man.

Dawood Ibrahim is also suspected of involvement in the bombings, believed to have been carried out in revenge for the deaths of hundreds of Muslims in riots in 1992 blamed on the right-wing Hindu Shiv Sena party.

According to Indian officials, Dawood now operates out of the Pakistan.

Taxi driver

Like most other gangsters who joined the Bombay mob in the late 1980s and early 90s, Abu Salem started as a small timer in the Dawood gang.

A native of Saria Meer in Azamgarh district of Uttar Pradesh, Abu Salem is believed to have begun his career in Delhi as a taxi driver.

He moved to Mumbai in the mid-1980s and embarked on a career of petty crime while operating a telephone booth in the northern suburb of Andheri.

It was during this time that he established contact with Dawood Ibrahim's younger brother, Anees.

Soon Abu Salem became a gun runner for the Dawood gang.

His job was take the gang's arsenal from one point in the city to another for the hit men and sharp shooters of the gang.

He quickly also began extorting money from builders in the city and Bollywood personalities on behalf of Dawood.

But until the mid-1990s he was still among the scores of second- and third-rung lieutenants who were loyal to Dawood and helped carry out the orders of their boss in the city's underworld.

Shock killing

It was the sensational daylight killing of Bollywood producer and music baron Gulshan Kumar in 1997 which catapulted Abu Salem into the big league.

A few months later the police also charged him with an attempt on the life of another well-known Bollywood producer, Rajiv Rai.

Bollywood now started dreading the mention of Abu Salem, who used the Gulshan Kumar murder and the attempt on Rajiv Rai to terrorise figures in the Indian film world.

The growing clout of Abu Salem in Mumbai, particularly in Bollywood, brought him into direct conflict with Chhota Shakeel, another notorious gangster.

Branching out

Chhota Shakeel had over the years risen in the underworld hierarchy to become the unofficial second-in-command of the Dawood gang.

Abu Salem and Monica Bedi
Abu Salem met Monica Bedi in Bollywood

Abu Salem split from the Dawood gang in 1998.

According to the police, he was behind the killing of Ajit Deewani, secretary to the movie actress, Manisha Koirala, in 2002.

Abu Salem's clout with Bollywood producers during the late-90's is the stuff of legend in India's film industry.

The police believe he routinely extorted producers and then went on to produce some films himself. He also met starlet Monica Bedi and began living with her.

The police say that he pressured Bollywood producers to include Bedi in their films in spite of a spate of flops.

Times have changed radically in Bollywood since Salem fled India.

It is widely believed that the city's underworld does not dominate the industry in the way it used to in the 1980's and 1990's.




SEE ALSO
Extradition blow for bomb suspect
28 Jan 05 |  South Asia
Portugal jails Indian crime boss
28 Nov 03 |  South Asia
Analysis: Bollywood and the mafia
01 Oct 03 |  South Asia
Indian crime boss goes on trial
29 Oct 03 |  South Asia
Profile: Bollywood's nemesis
21 Sep 02 |  South Asia

RELATED INTERNET LINKS
The BBC is not responsible for the content of external internet sites



FEATURES, VIEWS, ANALYSIS
Has China's housing bubble burst?
How the world's oldest clove tree defied an empire
Why Royal Ballet principal Sergei Polunin quit

PRODUCTS & SERVICES

Americas Africa Europe Middle East South Asia Asia Pacific