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Last Updated: Wednesday, 2 November 2005, 16:39 GMT
Overview: Quake aftermath
Officials say the 7.6 magnitude earthquake that struck close to Muzaffarabad in Pakistan-administered Kashmir on 8 October caused nearly 75,000 deaths and devastation that may take a decade to repair.

Pakistan has confirmed more than 73,000 deaths, most of them in Pakistani-administered Kashmir. India says nearly 1,400 have died in the sector it administers. Tens of thousands were injured and up to three million left homeless.

The World Food Programme says some 500,000 people in remote areas have received no aid at all. One of the biggest problems is meeting the demand for tents that can provide shelter as the cold weather worsens. Fears are mounting of a second wave of deaths from untreated injuries and exposure.

Click on the highlighted labels on the map below to find out more about the situation in each area.

North West FrontierPakistan-administered KashmirAfghanistanIndian-administered KashmirIslamabadIndia * Many roads in the affected area are damaged and/or impassable


Impact: Pakistan-administered Kashmir was the region hardest hit, with much of the capital, Muzaffarabad, destroyed. The head of United Nations relief operations, Jan Egeland, said he had never seen such devastation. The town of Bagh was badly affected and the impact in some remote villages remains unknown. Nearby Rawalakot suffered some damage, although most schools and colleges there were closed for a public holiday and casualties were not so high.

Landslides blocked roads and there was extensive damage to electricity, water and telephone infrastructure and all the city's hospitals.

Toll: The death toll in Pakistan-administered Kashmir alone may exceed 40,000, with some 70,000 injured, regional prime minister, Sikander Hayat Khan, said shortly after the quake. Federal figures now suggest that may have been an underestimate.

Aid: Muzaffarabad is the hub of the aid operation in Pakistan-administered Kashmir. Substantial amounts of aid have now arrived although it took several days to clear key routes on the mountainous roads. Helicopters are operating out of the city but have been grounded by bad weather for hours at a time.

Many of the city's 600,000 residents have had to sleep outside in the cold. A sports stadium is being used to house the homeless, care for survivors and distribute food and water.

There have been numerous reports of looting. Medecins Sans Frontiers are warning of a potential water-borne disease epidemic.


Impact: Balakot, a town of 30,000, suffered extensive damage with two schools and an Islamic seminary collapsing. Officials say several villages in the province have been completely wiped out.

Toll: The government of North-West Frontier Province says nearly 38,000 people died in the province, but federal estimates have been much lower.

Aid: Pakistani military helicopters are ferrying aid into Balakot. Many of those arriving by road are local volunteers bringing private donations and tools to help trawl the rubble and bury the dead. Thousands of people are still living in the open and some villages further up the valley are still receiving little or no assistance.


Impact: The districts of Uri and Tangdar near the Line of Control are the worst affected, and 10 villages in the area are still cut off.

The chief minister of Indian-administered Kashmir says 40,000 homes have been destroyed and twice as many damaged.

Toll: Nearly 1,400 have died, with an estimated 5,000 people injured, according to officials.

Life after the earthquake in the Indian village of Balkote

Aid: About 140,000 people are believed to be homeless. Soldiers are struggling to clear roads blocked by landslides to get to remote villages. Food aid and tents have been delivered to the area, although torrential rain and snow has interrupted air drops.


Impact: Two blocks of the Margalla Towers complex in Islamabad collapsed.

View of a collapsed building in Islamabad following a strong earthquake
More people may be trapped in the collapsed building
Toll: Forty-eight people are confirmed dead from the Margalla Towers.

In Punjab province, police reported 11 people dead and 83 injured. In the Northern Areas, two people were killed and two others hurt, officials said.


Impact: In Punjab state, shops and houses collapsed and rescuers cut through rubble to find survivors. Buildings in Delhi and Amritsar were damaged. Tremors caused panic in Gujarat and were also felt in Uttar Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Himachal Pradesh, Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh.

Toll: Two people were killed, including a five-year-old boy, in the border district of Gurdaspur.


Impact: The quake was felt across much of eastern and central Afghanistan, although damage to property was minimal.

Toll: The government reported four deaths, including three children who were crushed to death in the east of the country.


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