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Friday, 21 September, 2001, 16:00 GMT 17:00 UK
When the West is unfashionable
An anti-US demonstration in Quetta, Pakistan on Friday
Protesters in Quetta burn an effigy of George W Bush
By Holly Williams in Quetta, Pakistan

In a hole-in-the-wall tea shop in downtown Quetta, pride of place goes to two colour posters. One is of Kate Winslet, the other is of Osama Bin Laden.

"I loved Titanic," says owner Mohammad Rafiq.

Osama is our hero because he stands up for Muslim people

Pakistani tea shop owner
But in this dusty border town in southern Pakistan the West is out of fashion.

Mr Rafiq's favourite star may be Kate Winslet, but his political hero is Bin Laden.

"I like Western people," Mr Rafiq says. "But the West, and especially America, is against the Muslim world. They've bombed Muslim countries, they support countries that don't like Muslims, and they try to turn Muslims against one another.

"Osama is our hero because he stands up for Muslim people."

Terrorism the target

Western leaders are at pains to define the United States' new war as an assault on terrorism, not on Islam.

Pervez Musharraf speaks to the nation in a televised address on Wednesday
General Musharraf addresses the nation
In Pakistan, where the military ruler President Pervez Musharraf is trying to ward off civil unrest, that definition is crucial.

In a televised address on Wednesday, President Musharraf told the nation "Nobody is talking about a war against Islam."

But in areas like Quetta, where support for the Taleban and other fundamentalist Islamic groups is strongest, people simply do not believe that.

"The people here listen to their religious leaders," says local journalist Haroon Rashid. "And they tell the people that America is coming after Islam."

So as the US prepares for war, so too do people here.

A woman and children walk past shuttered shops in Quetta
Shops are shut during an anti-US strike
Just down the road from Quetta in the border town of Chaman, Imam Habib Ullah is rounding up friends and relatives to head over the border to fight in a new jihad.

Imam Habib is an Afghan, and fought against the invading Soviets in the 1980s.

"We fought a war against the Russians, and we will fight one against the Americans," he says.

"We are fighting for Islam."

The BBC's Adam Brookes
"The anger is real but it is tinged with bewilderment"
The BBC's Frank Gardner
reports from Cairo on why many Egyptians are anti- American
See also:

21 Sep 01 | Americas
Analysis: Bush rises to the occasion
21 Sep 01 | Americas
Text: Bush address to Congress
20 Sep 01 | Americas
Chirac: Fighting terror a priority
19 Sep 01 | Europe
Germany backs military action
18 Sep 01 | UK Politics
Blair embarks on diplomatic offensive
17 Sep 01 | South Asia
Afghanistan - a tough military option
18 Sep 01 | Asia-Pacific
China demands US attack evidence
21 Sep 01 | South Asia
Millions of Afghans face starvation
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