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Tuesday, 30 January, 2001, 12:46 GMT
Aid effort switches to survivors
Pakistani plane waits to unload supplies
India's rival Pakistan is helping the relief effort
Aid from around the world has been pouring into western India's earthquake zone as relief workers switch the focus from searching for trapped survivors to helping the injured.

Woman at open air kitchen
Survivors are cooking food in open air kitchens
Workers in the city of Anjar, in Gujarat state, have started using heavy equipment to clear the debris - a sign that they are no longer expecting to find anyone still alive.

"We talk about a limit of 100 hours, when after that the chances of finding someone alive drop dramatically," said Jochen Jakowski, the leader of a German rescue team in Anjar.

"It is close to a world record if we find someone after 100 hours."

In the town of Bhuj, near the earthquake's epicentre, a UK rescue team has rescued a 24-year-old man, who was was completely unhurt after surviving 103 hours with no food or water.

The focus for aid workers now is to get clean water, medical supplies, food and blankets to the survivors.

The stench of dead bodies hangs over the earthquake zone and cremations are being carried out around the clock.

As well as being an important ritual for the survivors, there are fears that poor sanitation will lead to an outbreak of disease.

Relief efforts

In a rare act, a military plane from India's long-time rival Pakistan arrived on Tuesday morning carrying 2,500 blankets and 200 tents for the quake survivors. More supplies are expected.

Donations so far
World Bank: $300m
UK: $14.6m
Italy: $2.3m
Germany: $6.1m
Canada: $2m
The Netherlands: $2.5m
Japan: $976,000
South Korea: $100,000
Australia: $550,000
New Zealand: $200,000
Saudi Arabia: Two cargo planes of supplies
Bangladesh: Food, a medical team, first aid supplies
Syria: Food, tents, clothes
The Red Cross and Red Crescent societies have sent a field hospital capable of housing 500 patients and treating up to 1,000 in the worst-hit district of Bhuj.

It has also sent water treatment equipment which is able to handle 120,000 litres a day.

The United Nations Children's Fund (Unicef) has committed at least $8m in immediate aid.

Almost $5m will provide medical supplies and safe water for the estimated 100,000 people in need of immediate relief.

Unicef has already delivered tens of thousands of blankets, a million chlorine tablets for purifying water, and plastic sheeting for temporary shelter.

Sending in supplies

The UK, which has a large Indian community, many with families in Gujarat, has more than tripled its donation to $14.6m (10m).

The government had earlier pledged $4.4m but raised it as the scale of the disaster became known. It has also sent a team of 69 rescue workers on a military plane to Ahmedabad.

A man covers his face to guard against the stench in Bhachau
Clean water and sanitation are priorities
France has sent a C-135 air force plane with two medical teams totalling 44 people and nine tonnes of material, including a field hospital and emergency food.

Russia has sent a 59-strong team of medical and rescue experts, including doctors, a field hospital, and three dog teams.

A plane with 3,280 wool blankets and 45 tents has arrived in India and a team of Russian doctors is expected to fly out soon.

The Jammu and Kashmir Liberation Front (JKLF), the main pro-independence group in Indian-controlled Kashmir, has said it would send 100 pints (47 litres) of blood to Gujarat.

In the United States, community groups and aid agencies have raised tens of thousands of dollars for aid supplies including building materials and medicine.

The US Agency for International Development has pledged $5m in aid, including plastic sheeting, blankets, water containers and generators. An eight-member advance team from the agency has also arrived in India.

See also:

30 Jan 01 | South Asia
Quake toll 'may be 100,000'
29 Jan 01 | UK Politics
UK gives 10m to Indian quake victims
28 Jan 01 | South Asia
India seeks $1.5bn loan
29 Jan 01 | South Asia
Tragic lessons to be learnt
29 Jan 01 | Media reports
Press blames corruption for quake losses
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